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Fundamental and Computational Sciences Directorate

Staff information

Kate Calvin

Human-Earth Sys Sci: Develpmnt
Earth Scientist


Kate Calvin is an Earth scientist at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory's Joint Global Change Research Institute in College Park, MD. Her research focuses integrated human-Earth system modeling, including work on both the Global Change Analysis Model (GCAM) and the Energy Exascale Earth System Model (E3SM). Her recent work has focused on land, particularly interactions between land, energy, water, and climate.

Research Interests

  • Human-Earth System Modeling
  • Energy-Water-Land
  • MultiSector Dynamics
  • Earth System Modeling

Education and Credentials

  • Ph.D., Management Science & Engineering, Stanford University
  • M.S., , Management Science & Engineering, Stanford University
  • B.S., Mathematics, University of Maryland, College Park
  • B.S., Computer Science, University of Maryland, College Park

PNNL Publications


  • Calvin K.V., A.L. Cowie, G. Berndes, A. Ameth, A. Ameth, F. Cherubini, and J. Portugal Pereira, et al. 2021. "Bioenergy for climate change mitigation: scale and sustainability." Global Change Biology Bioenergy 13, no. 9:1346-1371. PNNL-SA-157982. doi:10.1111/gcbb.12863
  • Fuhrman J., A.F. Clarens, K.V. Calvin, S. Doney, J.A. Edmonds, P. O'Rourke, and P.L. Patel, et al. 2021. "The Role of Direct Air Capture and Negative Emissions Technologies in the Shared Socioeconomic Pathways towards +1.5°C and +2°C Futures." Environmental Research Letters 16, no. 11:Art. No. 114012. PNNL-ACT-SA-10539. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/ac2db0
  • Grassi G., E. Stehfest, J. Rogelj, D. Van Vuuren, A. Cescatti, J. House, and G. Nabuurs, et al. 2021. "Critical adjustment of land mitigation pathways for assessing countries' climate progress." Nature Climate Change 11, no. 5:425 - 434. PNNL-SA-153041. doi:10.1038/s41558-021-01033-6
  • Jones C.D., J. Hickman, S. Rumbold, J. Walton, R. Lamboll, R.B. Skeie, and S. Fiedler, et al. 2021. "The Climate Response to Emissions Reductions due to COVID-19: Initial Results from CovidMIP." Geophysical Research Letters 48, no. 8:e2020GL091883. PNNL-SA-158380. doi:10.1029/2020GL091883
  • Ou Y., C.W. Roney, J. Alsalam, K.V. Calvin, J. Creason, J.A. Edmonds, and A.A. Fawcett, et al. 2021. "Deep mitigation of CO2 and non-CO2 greenhouse gases toward 1.5°C and 2°C futures." Nature Communications 12. PNNL-SA-158423. doi:10.1038/s41467-021-26509-z
  • Pereira L.M., J.J. Kuiper, O. Selomane, A.D. Aguiar, G.R. Asrar, E. Bennett, and R. Biggs, et al. 2021. "Advancing a toolkit of diverse futures approaches for global environmental assessments." Ecosystems and People 17, no. 1:191-204. PNNL-SA-144734. doi:10.1080/26395916.2021.1901783
  • Zhao X., K.V. Calvin, M.A. Wise, and G.C. Iyer. 2021. "The role of global agricultural market integration in multiregional economic modeling: using hindcast experiments to validate an Armington model." Economic Analysis and Policy 72. PNNL-SA-158709. doi:10.1016/j.eap.2021.07.007
  • Zhao X., K.V. Calvin, M.A. Wise, P.L. Patel, A.C. Snyder, S.T. Waldhoff, and M.I. Hejazi, et al. 2021. "Global agricultural responses to interannual climate and biophysical variability." Environmental Research Letters 16, no. 10:104037. PNNL-SA-150812. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/ac2965


  • Burrows S.M., M.E. Maltrud, X. Yang, Q. Zhu, N. Jeffery, X. Shi, and D.M. Ricciuto, et al. 2020. "The DOE E3SM v1.1 biogeochemistry configuration: Description and Simulated Ecosystem-Climate Responses to Historical Changes in Forcing." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems 12, no. 9:e2019MS001766. PNNL-SA-144279. doi:10.1029/2019MS001766
  • Calvin K.V., B. Mignone, H. Kheshgi, A.C. Snyder, P.L. Patel, M.A. Wise, and L.E. Clarke, et al. 2020. "Global market and economic welfare implications of changes in agricultural yields due to climate change." Climate Change Economics 11, no. 1:Article No. 2050005. PNNL-ACT-SA-10398. doi:10.1142/S2010007820500050
  • Chen M., C.R. Vernon, N.T. Graham, M.I. Hejazi, M. Huang, Y. Cheng, and K.V. Calvin. 2020. "Global land use for 2015-2100 at 0.05° resolution under diverse socioeconomic and climate scenarios." Scientific Data 7, no. 1:320. PNNL-SA-155943. doi:10.1038/s41597-020-00669-x
  • Di Vittorio A., X. Shi, B. Bond-Lamberty, K.V. Calvin, and A.D. Jones. 2020. "Initial Land Use/Cover Distribution Substantially Affects Global Carbon and Local Temperature Projections in the Integrated Earth System Model." Global Biogeochemical Cycles 34, no. 5:Article No. e2019GB006383. PNNL-SA-143390. doi:10.1029/2019GB006383
  • Edelenbosch O.Y., D. Van Vuuren, K. Blok, K.V. Calvin, and S. Fujimori. 2020. "Mitigating energy demand sector emissions: The integrated modelling perspective." Applied Energy 261. PNNL-SA-146514. doi:10.1016/j.apenergy.2019.114347
  • Fofrich R., D. Tong, K.V. Calvin, H. Sytze de Boer, J. Emmerling, O. Fricko, and S. Fujimori, et al. 2020. "Early retirement of power plants in climate mitigation scenarios." Environmental Research Letters 15, no. 9:Article No. 094064. PNNL-SA-153068. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/ab96d3
  • Graham N.T., M.I. Hejazi, M. Chen, E. Davies, J.A. Edmonds, S.H. Kim, and S. Turner, et al. 2020. "Humans drive future water scarcity changes across all Shared Socioeconomic Pathways." Environmental Research Letters 15, no. 1:Article No. 014007. PNNL-SA-151297. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/ab639b
  • Gutowski W., P. Ullrich, A. Hall, L. Leung, T.A. O'Brien, C. Patricola, and R. Arritt, et al. 2020. "The ongoing need for high-resolution regional climate models: Process understanding and stakeholder information." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 101, no. 5:E664-E683. PNNL-SA-147322. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-19-0113.1
  • Hurtt G.C., L.M. Chini, R. Sahajpal, S. Frolking, B. Bodirsky, K.V. Calvin, and J. Doelman, et al. 2020. "Harmonization of Global Land Use Change and Management for the Period 850-2100 (LUH2) for CMIP6." Geoscientific Model Development 13, no. 11:5425-5464. PNNL-SA-151237. doi:10.5194/gmd-13-5425-2020
  • Jeffery N., M. Maltrud, E.C. Hunke, S. Wang, J. Wolfe, A.K. Turner, and S.M. Burrows, et al. 2020. "Investigating controls on sea ice algal production using E3SMv1.1-BGC." Annals of Glaciology 61, no. 82:51-72. PNNL-SA-151063. doi:10.1017/aog.2020.7
  • Mcelwee P., K.V. Calvin, D. Campbell, F. Cherubini, G. Grassi, V. Korotkov, and A. Le Hoang, et al. 2020. "The impact of interventions in the global land and agri-food sectors on Nature’s Contributions to People and the UN Sustainable Development Goals." Global Change Biology 26, no. 9:4691-4721. PNNL-SA-150373. doi:10.1111/gcb.15219
  • Sharma A., D.J. Wuebbles, R. Kotamarthi, K.V. Calvin, B.A. Drewniak, C. Catlett, and R. Jacob. 2020. "Urban-Scale Processes in High-Spatial Resolution Earth System Models." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 101, no. 9:E1555-E1561. PNNL-SA-153011. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-20-0114.1
  • Smith P., K.V. Calvin, J. Nkem, D. Campbell, F. Cherubini, G. Grassi, and V. Korotkov, et al. 2020. "Which practices co-deliver food security, climate change mitigation and adaptation, and combat land degradation and desertification?." Global Change Biology 26, no. 3:1532-1575. PNNL-SA-147469. doi:10.1111/gcb.14878
  • Snyder A.C., K.V. Calvin, L.E. Clarke, J.A. Edmonds, P. Kyle, K. Narayan, and A. Di Vittorio, et al. 2020. "The domestic and international implications of future climate for U.S. agriculture in GCAM." PLOS ONE 15, no. 8:e0237918. PNNL-SA-134943. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0237918
  • Van Zeist W., E. Stehfest, J. Doelman, H. Valin, H. Valin, K.V. Calvin, and S. Fujimori, et al. 2020. "Are scenario projections overly optimistic about future yield progress?." Global Environmental Change 64. PNNL-SA-150084. doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2020.102120
  • Zhao X., K.V. Calvin, and M.A. Wise. 2020. "The critical role of conversion cost and comparative advantage in modeling agricultural land use change." Climate Change Economics 11, no. 1:Article No. 2050004. PNNL-SA-142333. doi:10.1142/S2010007820500049
  • Zommers Z., P. Marbaix, A. Fischlin, Z. Ibrahim, S. Grant, A. Magnan, and H. Portner, et al. 2020. "Burning Embers: Towards more transparent and robust climate change risk assessments." Nature Reviews Earth and Environment 1. PNNL-SA-151279. doi:10.1038/s43017-020-0088-0


  • Calvin K.V., B. Bond-Lamberty, A.D. Jones, X. Shi, A. Di Vittorio, and P.E. Thornton. 2019. "Characteristics of human-climate feedbacks differ at different radiative forcing levels." Global and Planetary Change 180. PNNL-SA-124587. doi:10.1016/j.gloplacha.2019.06.003
  • Calvin K.V., R.P. Link, and M.A. Wise. 2019. "gcamland v1.0 - An R Package for Modelling Land Use and Land Cover Change." Journal of Open Research Software 7, no. 1:31. PNNL-SA-135538. doi:10.5334/jors.233
  • Chen M., C.R. Vernon, M. Huang, K.V. Calvin, and I.P. Kraucunas. 2019. "Calibration and analysis of the uncertainty in downscaling global land use and land cover projections from GCAM using Demeter (v1.0.0)." Geoscientific Model Development 12, no. 5:1753-1764. PNNL-SA-143284. doi:10.5194/gmd-12-1753-2019
  • Fitton N., P. Alexander, N. Arnell, B. Bajzelj, K.V. Calvin, J. Doelman, and J. Gerber, et al. 2019. "The vulnerabilities of agricultural land and food production to future water scarcity." Global Environmental Change 58. PNNL-SA-134809. doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2019.101944
  • Gidden M., K. Riahi, S.J. Smith, S. Fujimori, G. Luderer, E. Kriegler, and D. Van Vuuren, et al. 2019. "Global emissions pathways under different socioeconomic scenarios for use in CMIP6: a dataset of harmonized emissions trajectories through the end of the century." Geoscientific Model Development 12, no. 4:1443-1475. PNNL-SA-139873. doi:10.5194/gmd-12-1443-2019
  • Huang Z., M.I. Hejazi, Q. Tang, C.R. Vernon, Y. Liu, M. Chen, and K.V. Calvin. 2019. "Global agricultural green and blue water consumption under future climate and land use changes." Journal of Hydrology 574. PNNL-SA-137028. doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2019.04.046
  • Lucas P., S. Hedden, D. Van Vuuren, K.V. Calvin, S.H. Chung, M. Harfoot, and A. Koberle, et al. 2019. "Chapter 21 - Future Developments Without Targeted Policies." In Global Environment Outlook (GEO-6): Healthy Planet, Healthy People. 484-509. Cambridge:Cambridge University Press. PNNL-SA-142863. doi:10.1017/9781108627146.027
  • Sinha E., A.M. Michalak, K.V. Calvin, and P. Lawrence. 2019. "Societal decisions about climate mitigation will have dramatic impacts on eutrophication in the 21st century." Nature Communications 10, no. 1:Article No. 939. PNNL-SA-135105. doi:10.1038/s41467-019-08884-w
  • Smith P., J. Adams, D.J. Beerling, T. Beringer, K.V. Calvin, S. Fuss, and B. Griscom, et al. 2019. "Land-Management Options for Greenhouse Gas Removal and Their Impacts on Ecosystem Services and the Sustainable Development Goals." Annual Review of Environment and Resources 44. PNNL-ACT-SA-10388. doi:10.1146/annurev-environ-101718-033129
  • Snyder A.C., K.V. Calvin, M. Phillips, and A. Ruane. 2019. "A crop yield change emulator for use in GCAM and similar models: Persephone v1.0." Geoscientific Model Development 12, no. 4:1319-1350. PNNL-SA-136789. doi:10.5194/gmd-12-1319-2019
  • Van Vuuren D., P. Lucas, K.V. Calvin, S.H. Chung, M. Harfoot, S. Hedden, and A. Koberle, et al. 2019. "Chapter 22 - Pathways Toward Sustainable Development." In Global Environment Outlook (GEO-6): Healthy Planet, Healthy People. 510-543. Cambridge:Cambridge University Press. PNNL-SA-142885. doi:10.1017/9781108627146.028
  • Xu X., A.K. Jain, and K.V. Calvin. 2019. "Quantifying the Biophysical and Socioeconomic Drivers of Changes in Forest and Agricultural Land in South and Southeast Asia." Global Change Biology 25, no. 6:2137-2151. PNNL-SA-136828. doi:10.1111/gcb.14611
  • Zhao X., K.V. Calvin, and M.A. Wise. 2019. "The critical role of conversion cost and comparative advantage in modeling agricultural land use change." In Proceedings of the 22nd Annual Conference on Global Economic Analysis, June 19-21, 2019, Warsaw, Poland. West Lafayette, Indiana:Global Trade Analysis Project (GTAP). PNNL-SA-142313.


  • Calvin K.V., and B. Bond-Lamberty. 2018. "Integrated human-earth system modeling-state of the science and future directions." Environmental Research Letters 13, no. 6:Article No. 063006. PNNL-SA-131869. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/aac642
  • Iyer G.C., K.V. Calvin, L.E. Clarke, J.A. Edmonds, N. Hultman, C.A. Hartin, and H.C. McJeon, et al. 2018. "Implications of sustainable development considerations for comparability across nationally determined contributions." Nature Climate Change 8. PNNL-SA-121202. doi:10.1038/s41558-017-0039-z
  • Jones A.D., K.V. Calvin, X. Shi, A. Di Vittorio, B. Bond-Lamberty, P. Thornton, and W.D. Collins. 2018. "Quantifying Human-Mediated Carbon Cycle Feedbacks." Geophysical Research Letters 45, no. 20:11,370-11,379. PNNL-SA-133018. doi:10.1029/2018GL079350
  • Lamontagne J.R., P. Reed, R.P. Link, K.V. Calvin, L.E. Clarke, and J.A. Edmonds. 2018. "Large Ensemble Analytic Framework for Consequence-Driven Discovery of Climate Change Scenarios." Earth's Future 6, no. 3:488-504. PNNL-ACT-SA-10362. doi:10.1002/2017EF000701
  • Rogelj J., A. Popp, K.V. Calvin, G. Luderer, J. Emmerling, D. Gernaat, and S. Fujimori, et al. 2018. "Scenarios towards limiting global mean temperature increase below 1.5 °C." Nature Climate Change 8. PNNL-ACT-SA-10229. doi:10.1038/s41558-018-0091-3
  • Seneviratne S.I., R. Wartenburger, B. Guillod, A.L. Hirsch, M.A. Vogel, V. Brovkin, and D. Van Vuuren, et al. 2018. "Climate extremes, land-climate feedbacks, and land-use forcing at 1.5°C." Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A. Mathematical, Physical & Engineering Sciences 376, no. 2119:Article No. 20160450. PNNL-SA-131570. doi:10.1098/rsta.2016.0450
  • Vernon C.R., Y.L. Le Page, M. Chen, M. Huang, K.V. Calvin, I.P. Kraucunas, and C.J. Braun. 2018. "Demeter - A land use and land cover change disaggregation model." Journal of Open Research Software 6, no. 1:Article No. 15. PNNL-SA-131044. doi:10.5334/jors.208


  • Calvin K.V., and K. Fisher-Vanden. 2017. "Quantifying the indirect impacts of climate on agriculture: an inter-method comparison." Environmental Research Letters 12, no. 11:115004. PNNL-SA-122866. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/aa843c
  • Kriegler E., N. Bauer, A. Popp, F. Humpenoder, M. Leimbach, J. Strefler, and L. Baumstark, et al. 2017. "Fossil-fueled development (SSP5): an energy and resource intensive scenario for the 21st century." Global Environmental Change 42. PNNL-SA-117807. doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2016.05.015
  • Rao S., Z. Klimont, S.J. Smith, R. van Dingenen, F. Dentener, L. Bouwman, and K. Riahi, et al. 2017. "Future Air Pollution in the Shared Socio-Economic Pathways." Global Environmental Change 42. PNNL-SA-116149. doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2016.05.012
  • Riahi K., D. Van Vuuren, E. Kriegler, J.A. Edmonds, B. O'Neill, S. Fujimori, and N. Bauer, et al. 2017. "The Shared Socioeconomic Pathways and their Energy, Land Use, and Greenhouse Gas Emissions Implications: An Overview." Global Environmental Change 42. PNNL-SA-115333. doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2016.05.009
  • Snyder A.C., R.P. Link, and K.V. Calvin. 2017. "Evaluation of integrated assessment model hindcast experiments: A case study of the GCAM 3.0 land use module." Geoscientific Model Development 10, no. 12:4307-4319. PNNL-SA-125087. doi:10.5194/gmd-10-4307-2017
  • Thornton P.E., K.V. Calvin, A.D. Jones, A. Di Vittorio, B. Bond-Lamberty, L.M. Chini, and X. Shi, et al. 2017. "Biospheric feedback effects in a synchronously coupled model of human and Earth systems." Nature Climate Change 7. PNNL-SA-111042. doi:10.1038/nclimate3310
  • van Soest H., L. Reis, L. Drouet, D. Van Vuuren, M. den Elzen, M. Tavoni, and K. Akimoto, et al. 2017. "Low-Emission Pathways in 11 Major Economies: Comparison of Cost-Optimal Pathways and Paris Climate Proposals." Climatic Change 142, no. 3-4:491-504. PNNL-SA-123676. doi:10.1007/s10584-017-1964-6
  • Van Vuuren D., K. Riahi, K.V. Calvin, R. Dellink, J. Emmerling, S. Fujimori, and S. Kc, et al. 2017. "The Shared Socio-economic Pathways: Trajectories for human development and global environmental change." Global Environmental Change 42. PNNL-SA-120880. doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2016.10.009


  • Calderon S., A.C. Alvarez, A. Loboguerrero, S. Arango, K.V. Calvin, T. Kober, and K. Daenzer, et al. 2016. "ACHIEVING CO2 REDUCTIONS IN COLOMBIA: EFFECTS OF CARBON TAXES AND ABATEMENT TARGETS." Energy Economics 56. PNNL-SA-107360. doi:10.1016/j.eneco.2015.05.010
  • Calvin K.V., M.A. Wise, P. Luckow, P. Kyle, L.E. Clarke, and J.A. Edmonds. 2016. "Implications of uncertain future fossil energy resources on bioenergy use and terrestrial carbon emissions." Climatic Change 136, no. 1:57-68. PNWD-SA-10003. doi:10.1007/s10584-013-0923-0
  • Calvin K.V., R.H. Beach, A. Gurgel, M. Labriet, and A. Loboguerrero. 2016. "Agriculture, Forestry, and Other Land-Use Emissions in Latin America." Energy Economics 56. PNNL-SA-107886. doi:10.1016/j.eneco.2015.03.020
  • Calvin K.V., S. Pachauri, E. De Cian, and I. Mouratiadou. 2016. "The effect of African growth on future global energy, emissions, and regional development." Climatic Change 136, no. 1:109-125. PNNL-SA-92806. doi:10.1007/s10584-013-0964-4
  • Di Sbroiavacca N., G. Nadal, F. Lallana, J. Falzon, and K.V. Calvin. 2016. "Emissions reduction scenarios in the Argentinean Energy Sector." Energy Economics 56. PNNL-SA-109345. doi:10.1016/j.eneco.2015.03.021
  • Hegre H., H. Buhaug, K.V. Calvin, J. Nordkvelle, S.T. Waldhoff, and E.A. Gilmore. 2016. "Forecasting Civil Conflict along the Shared Socioeconomic Pathways." Environmental Research Letters 11, no. 5:Article No. 054002. PNNL-SA-119081. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/11/5/054002
  • Kober T., J. Falzon, B. van der Zwaan, K.V. Calvin, A. Kanudia, A. Kitous, and M. Labriet. 2016. "A Multi-Model Study of Energy Supply Investments in Latin America under Climate Control Policy." Energy Economics 56. PNNL-SA-109344. doi:10.1016/j.eneco.2016.01.005
  • Kriegler E., I. Mouratiadou, G. Luderer, N. Bauer, R.J. Brecha, K.V. Calvin, and E. DeCian, et al. 2016. "Will economic growth and fossil fuel scarcity help or hinder climate stabilization? Overview of the RoSE multi-model study." Climatic Change 136, no. 1:7-22. PNNL-ACT-SA-10148. doi:10.1007/s10584-016-1668-3
  • Lawrence D.M., G.C. Hurtt, A. Arneth, V. Brovkin, K.V. Calvin, A.D. Jones, and C.D. Jones, et al. 2016. "The Land-Use Model Intercomparison Project (LUMIP) Contribution to CMIP6: Rationale and Experimental Design." Geoscientific Model Development 9, no. 9:2973-2998. PNNL-SA-117132. doi:10.5194/gmd-2016-76
  • Luderer G., C. Bertram, K.V. Calvin, E. De Cian, and E. Kriegler. 2016. "Implications of weak near-term climate policies on long-term climate mitigation pathways." Climatic Change 136, no. 1:127-140. PNNL-SA-92176. doi:10.1007/s10584-013-0899-9
  • Rao S., Z. Klimont, J. Leitao, K. Riahi, R. van Dingenen, L. Reis, and K.V. Calvin, et al. 2016. "A multi-model assessment of the co-benefits of climate mitigation for global air quality." Environmental Research Letters 11, no. 12:Article No. 124013. PNNL-SA-105978. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/11/12/124013
  • van der Zwaan B., K.V. Calvin, and L.E. Clarke. 2016. "Climate Mitigation in Latin America: Implications for Energy and Land Use: Preface to the Special Section on the findings of the CLIMACAP-LAMP Project." Energy Economics 56. PNNL-SA-116534. doi:10.1016/j.eneco.2016.05.005
  • van Ruijven B., K. Daenzer, K. Fisher-Vanden, T. Kober, S. Paltsev, R.H. Beach, and S. Calderon, et al. 2016. "Baseline Projections for Latin America: Base-Year Assumptions, Key Drivers and Greenhouse Emissions." Energy Economics 56. PNNL-SA-108429. doi:10.1016/j.eneco.2015.02.003
  • Veysey J., C. Octaviano, K.V. Calvin, S. Martinez, A. Kitous, J. McFarland, and B. van der Zwaan. 2016. "Pathways to Mexico’s Climate Change Mitigation Targets: A Multi-Model Analysis." Energy Economics 56. PNNL-SA-110211. doi:10.1016/j.eneco.2015.04.011


  • Bauer N., V. Bosetti, M. Hamdi-Cherif, A. Kitous, D. McCollum, A. Mejean, and S. Rao, et al. 2015. "CO2 emissions mitigation and fossil fuel markets: Dynamic and international aspects of climate policies." Technological Forecasting and Social Change 90, no. A:243-256. PNNL-SA-97770. doi:10.1016/j.techfore.2013.09.009
  • Calvin K.V., B. Bond-Lamberty, J.A. Edmonds, M.I. Hejazi, S.T. Waldhoff, M.A. Wise, and Y. Zhou. 2015. "The Effects of Climate Sensitivity and Carbon Cycle Interactions on Mitigation Policy Stringency." Climatic Change 131, no. 1:35-50. PNNL-SA-94788. doi:10.1007/s10584-013-1026-7
  • Calvin K.V., S. Rose, M.A. Wise, H.C. McJeon, L.E. Clarke, and J.A. Edmonds. 2015. "Global Climate, Energy, and Economic Implications of International Energy Offsets Programs." Climatic Change 133, no. 4:583-596. PNWD-SA-10499. doi:10.1007/s10584-015-1482-3
  • Clarke L.E., K. Jiang, K. Akimoto, M. Babiker, G.J. Blanford, K. Fisher-Vanden, and J. Hourcade, et al. 2015. "Chapter 6 Assessing Transformation Pathways. In: Climate Change 2014: Mitigation of Climate Change. Contribution of Working Group III to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change." In Climate Change 2014: Mitigation of Climate Change. Contribution of Working Group III to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, edited by O Edenhofer, et al. 413-510. Cambridge:Cambridge University Press. PNNL-SA-102686. doi:10.1017/CBO9781107415416.012
  • Fischedick M., J. Roy, A. Abdel-Aziz, A. Acquaye, J. Allwood, J. Ceron, and Y. Geng, et al. 2015. "Chapter 10, Industry, in: Climate Change 2014: Mitigation of Climate Change. Contribution of Working Group III to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change." In Climate Change 2014: Mitigation of Climate Change, edited by O Edenhofer, et al. 739-810. Cambridge:Cambridge University Press. PNNL-SA-103522. doi:10.1017/CBO9781107415416.016
  • Gernaat D., K.V. Calvin, P. Lucas, G. Luderer, S. Otto, S. Rao, and J. Strefler, et al. 2015. "Understanding the contribution of non-carbon dioxide gases in deep mitigation scenarios." Global Environmental Change 33. PNNL-SA-105819. doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2015.04.010
  • Iyer G.C., J.A. Edmonds, A.A. Fawcett, N. Hultman, J. Alsalam, G.R. Asrar, and K.V. Calvin, et al. 2015. "The contribution of Paris to limit global warming to 2 °C." Environmental Research Letters 10, no. 12:Article No. 125002. PNNL-SA-111720. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/10/12/125002
  • Jones A.D., K.V. Calvin, W.D. Collins, and J.A. Edmonds. 2015. "Accounting for radiative forcing from albedo change in future global land-use scenarios." Climatic Change 131, no. 4:691-703. PNNL-SA-109922. doi:10.1007/s10584-015-1411-5
  • Lucas P., J. Nielsen, K.V. Calvin, D. McCollum, G. Marangoni, J. Strefler, and B. van der Zwaan, et al. 2015. "Future energy system challenges for Africa: Insights from Integrated Assessment Models." Energy Policy 86. PNNL-SA-107638. doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2015.08.017
  • Smith S.J., J.A. Edmonds, C.A. Hartin, A. Mundra, and K.V. Calvin. 2015. "Near-Term Acceleration In The Rate of Temperature Change." Nature Climate Change 5, no. 4:333-336. PNNL-SA-93187. doi:10.1038/nclimate2552
  • Strzepek K., J. Neumann, J. Smith, J. Martinich, B. Boehlert, M.I. Hejazi, and J. Henderson, et al. 2015. "Benefits of Greenhouse Gas Mitigation on the Supply, Management, and Use of Water Resources in the United States." Climatic Change 131, no. 1:127-141. PNNL-SA-93379. doi:10.1007/s10584-014-1279-9
  • Tavoni M., E. Kriegler, K. Riahi, D. Van Vuuren, T. Aboumahboub, A. Bowen, and K.V. Calvin, et al. 2015. "Post-2020 climate agreements in the major economies assessed in the light of global models." Nature Climate Change 5. PNNL-SA-101907. doi:10.1038/nclimate2475
  • Zhou Y., M.I. Hejazi, S.J. Smith, J.A. Edmonds, H. Li, L.E. Clarke, and K.V. Calvin, et al. 2015. "A Comprehensive View of Global Potential for Hydro-generated Electricity." Energy and Environmental Science 8, no. 9:2622-2633. PNNL-SA-109269. doi:10.1039/c5ee00888c


  • Bond-Lamberty B., A. Rocha, K.V. Calvin, B. Holmes, C. Wang, and M.L. Goulden. 2014. "Disturbance legacies and climate jointly drive tree growth and mortality in an intensively studied boreal forest." Global Change Biology 20, no. 1:216-227. PNNL-SA-95459. doi:10.1111/gcb.12404
  • Bond-Lamberty B., K.V. Calvin, A.D. Jones, J. Mao, P.L. Patel, X. Shi, and A.M. Thomson, et al. 2014. "On linking an Earth system model to the equilibrium carbon representation of an economically optimizing land use model." Geoscientific Model Development 7, no. 6:2545-2555. PNNL-SA-100308. doi:10.5194/gmd-7-2545-2014
  • Calvin K.V., M.A. Wise, L.E. Clarke, J.A. Edmonds, A.D. Jones, and A.M. Thomson. 2014. "Near-term limits to mitigation: challenges arising from contrary mitigation effects from indirect land-use change and sulfur emissions." Energy Economics 42. PNNL-SA-92596. doi:10.1016/j.eneco.2013.09.026
  • Di Vittorio A., L.M. Chini, B. Bond-Lamberty, J. Mao, X. Shi, J.E. Truesdale, and A.P. Craig, et al. 2014. "From land use to land cover: Restoring the afforestation signal in a coupled integrated assessment - earth system model and the implications for CMIP5 RCP simulations." Biogeosciences 11, no. 23:6435-6450. PNNL-SA-101139. doi:10.5194/bg-11-6435-2014
  • Luderer G., V. Krey, K.V. Calvin, J. Merrick, S. Mima, R. Pietzcker, and J. Van Vliet, et al. 2014. "The role of renewable energy in climate stabilization: results from the EMF 27 scenarios." Climatic Change 123, no. 3-4:427-441. PNNL-SA-92299. doi:10.1007/s10584-013-0924-z
  • McCollum D., N. Bauer, K.V. Calvin, A. Kitous, and K. Riahi. 2014. "Fossil resource and energy security dynamics in conventional and carbon-constrained worlds." Climatic Change 123, no. 3-4:413-426. PNNL-SA-91984. doi:10.1007/s10584-013-0939-5
  • McCollum D., Y. Nagai, K. Riahi, G. Marangoni, K.V. Calvin, R. Pietzcker, and J. Van Vliet, et al. 2014. "ENERGY INVESTMENTS UNDER CLIMATE POLICY: A COMPARISON OF GLOBAL MODELS." Climate Change Economics 4, no. 4:Article No. 1340010. PNNL-SA-93534. doi:10.1142/S2010007813400101
  • Robinson S., H. van Meijl, D. Willenbockel, H. Valin, H. Valin, S. Fujimori, and T. Masui, et al. 2014. "Comparing Supply-Side Specifications in Models of Global Agriculture and the Food System." Agricultural Economics 45, no. 1:21-35. PNNL-SA-96182. doi:10.1111/agec.12087
  • Rose S.K., E. Kriegler, R. Bibas, K.V. Calvin, A. Popp, D. van Vuuren, and J. Weyant. 2014. "Bioenergy in Energy Transformation and Climate Management." Climatic Change 123, no. 3-4:477-493. PNNL-SA-95436. doi:10.1007/s10584-013-0965-3


  • Calvin K.V., M.A. Wise, D. Klein, D. McCollum, M. Tavoni, B. van der Zwaan, and D. Van Vuuren. 2013. "A Multi-Model Analysis of the Regional and Sectoral Roles of Bioenergy in Near- and Long-Term CO2 Emissions." Climate Change Economics 4, no. 4:Article No. 1340014. PNNL-SA-93292. doi:10.1142/S2010007813400149
  • Jones A.D., W.D. Collins, J.A. Edmonds, M.S. Torn, A.C. Janetos, K.V. Calvin, and A.M. Thomson, et al. 2013. "Greenhouse gas policy influences climate via direct effects of land-use change." Journal of Climate 26, no. 11:3657-3670. PNNL-SA-92027. doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00377.1
  • Kriegler E., M. Tavoni, T. Aboumahboub, G. Luderer, K.V. Calvin, G. DeMaere, and V. Krey, et al. 2013. "What does the 2°C Target Imply for a Global Climate Agreement in 2020? The LIMITS Study on Durban Action Platform Scenarios." Climate Change Economics 4, no. 4:Article No. 1340008. PNNL-SA-93324. doi:10.1142/S2010007813400083
  • Tavoni M., E. Kriegler, T. Aboumahboub, K.V. Calvin, G. DeMaere, M.A. Wise, and D. Klein, et al. 2013. "The distribution of the major economies’ effort in the Durban platform scenarios." Climate Change Economics 4, no. 4:Article No. 1340009. PNNL-SA-93325. doi:10.1142/S2010007813400095
  • van der Zwaan B., H. Rosler, T. Kober, T. Aboumahboub, K.V. Calvin, D. Gernaat, and G. Marangoni, et al. 2013. "A Cross-model Comparison of Global Long-term Technology Diffusion under a 2°C Climate Change Control Target." Climate Change Economics 4, no. 4:Article No. 1340013. PNNL-SA-93323. doi:10.1142/S2010007813400137
  • van Sluisveld M., D. Gernaat, S. Ashina, K.V. Calvin, A. Garg, M. Isaac, and P. Lucas, et al. 2013. "A MULTI-MODEL ANALYSIS OF POST-2020 MITIGATION EFFORTS OF FIVE MAJOR ECONOMIES." Climate Change Economics 4, no. 4:Article No. 1340012. PNNL-SA-93320. doi:10.1142/S2010007813400125


  • Calvin K.V., A.A. Fawcett, and K. Jiang. 2012. "COMPARING MODEL RESULTS TO NATIONAL CLIMATE POLICY GOALS: RESULTS FROM THE ASIA MODELING EXERCISE." Energy Economics 34, no. Supplement 3:S306-S315. PNNL-SA-86525. doi:10.1016/j.eneco.2012.03.008
  • Calvin K.V., L.E. Clarke, V. Krey, G.J. Blanford, K. Jiang, M. Kainuma, and E. Kriegler, et al. 2012. "The Role of Asia in Mitigating Climate Change: Results from the Asia Modeling Exercise." Energy Economics 34, no. Supplement 3:S251-S260. PNNL-SA-88519. doi:10.1016/j.eneco.2012.09.003
  • Fisher-Vanden K., K. Schu, I. Sue Wing, and K.V. Calvin. 2012. "Decomposing the Impact of Alternative Technology Sets on Future Carbon Emissions Growth." Energy Economics 34, no. Supplement 3:S359-S365. PNWD-SA-9890. doi:10.1016/j.eneco.2012.07.021


  • Dooley J.J., and K.V. Calvin. 2011. "Temporal and Spatial Deployment of Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage Technologies across the Representative Concentration Pathways." In 10th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies, September 19-23, 2010, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Energy Procedia, edited by J Gale, C Hendriks and W Turkenberg, 4, 5845-5852. London:Elsevier. PNNL-SA-74738. doi:10.1016/j.egypro.2011.02.583
  • Meinshausen M., S.J. Smith, K.V. Calvin, J.S. Daniel, M. Kainuma, J. Lamarque, and K. Matsumoto, et al. 2011. "The RCP Greenhouse Gas Concentrations and their Extensions from 1765 to 2300." Climatic Change 109, no. 1-2:213-241. PNNL-SA-74869. doi:10.1007/s10584-011-0156-z


  • Calvin K.V., and A.M. Thomson. 2010. Impact of Heavy Duty Vehicle Emissions Reductions on Global Climate. PNNL-19661. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Impact of Heavy Duty Vehicle Emissions Reductions on Global Climate
  • Calvin K.V., J.A. Edmonds, and M.A. Wise. 2010. Bioenergy and the importance of land use policy in a carbon-constrained world. PNNL-19462. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Bioenergy and the importance of land use policy in a carbon-constrained world
  • Fawcett A.A., K.V. Calvin, F. De La Chesnaye, J.M. Reilly, and J. Weyant. 2010. "Overview of EMF 22 U.S. Transition Scenarios." Energy Economics 31, no. 2:S198-S211. PNNL-SA-69256.
  • Thomson A.M., K.V. Calvin, L. Chini, L. Chini, G. Hurtt, J.A. Edmonds, and B. Bond-Lamberty, et al. 2010. "Climate mitigation and the future of tropical landscapes." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 107, no. 46:19633-19638. PNNL-SA-68407.
  • Van Vuuren D., J.A. Edmonds, S.J. Smith, K.V. Calvin, J.F. Karas, M. Kainuma, and N. Nakicenovic, et al. 2010. "What do near-term observations tell us about long-term developments in greenhouse gas emissions?." Climatic Change 103, no. 3-4:635-642. PNNL-SA-74743. doi:10.1007/s10584-010-9940-4


  • Wise M.A., K.V. Calvin, A.M. Thomson, L.E. Clarke, B. Bond-Lamberty, R.D. Sands, and S.J. Smith, et al. 2009. "Implications of Limiting CO2 Concentrations for Land Use and Energy." Science 324, no. 5931:1183-1186. PNNL-SA-63505.

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