The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has identified the accelerated development of next-generation energy storage technology as a national priority for modernizing the power grid and unlocking a broad array of economic and societal benefits. The DOE’s Office of Electricity has selected PNNL in Richland, Washington, as the site for a new, national grid energy storage research and development (R&D) facility that includes investments from the State of Washington, Battelle, and PNNL.
Grid energy storage technology is a critical technology component for realizing a modernized, resilient power grid capable of achieving many broadly shared energy objectives. Accelerating development of grid energy storage technologies will:
- make our nation’s power grid more resilient, reliable, secure, and flexible
- enable the full value of diverse energy resources to be realized
- sustain U.S. global leadership in the development of energy storage technologies
- accelerate the development of a domestic manufacturing supply chain and skilled workforce for energy storage technologies.
The Grid Storage Launchpad (GSL) facility at PNNL will support the DOE’s Energy Storage Grand Challenge, which was announced in January by Energy Secretary Dan Brouillette. The vision for the Energy Storage Grand Challenge is to create and sustain global leadership in energy storage utilization and exports, with a secure domestic manufacturing supply chain that does not depend on foreign sources of critical materials.
Through independent testing and validation of grid energy storage technologies, the GSL facility will develop and promulgate rigorous grid performance standards and requirements that span the entire energy storage R&D development cycle—from basic materials synthesis to advanced prototyping. This mission focuses on three outcomes that address critical challenges in grid energy storage development:
- Collaborate: Bringing together the DOE, multidisciplinary researchers, and industry will lower the barriers to innovation and deployment of grid-scale energy storage technologies.
- Validate: The facility will enable independent testing of next-generation grid energy storage materials and systems under realistic grid operating conditions.
- Accelerate: From benchtop to systems for deployment, the facility will reduce risk and speed the development of new technologies by propagating rigorous performance requirements to all stages of grid storage development.
Fundamental Capabilities for Grid Storage Launchpad:
- Materials synthesis and processing
- In-operando characterization
- Small-scale cell fabrication
- KW-scale testing and validation
- Advanced prototyping
- Analytics and visualization
- Standards development