Using their understanding of a proton's choices, CME researchers revised their nickel-based catalyst to quickly handle one of a fuel cell's tough challenges: breaking chemical bonds and freeing the stored electrons to work.
By directly comparing three closely related catalysts, CME scientists established that hydrogen production speed and efficiency are influenced by the molecules' structure and proton relay arrangement, not the total number relays.
In studying how to modify carbon electrodes for catalyzed reactions, scientists at the Center for Molecular Electrocatalysis designed a process for creating a plethora of specialized electrodes at room temperature.
Few catalysts are energy efficient, highly active, stable and operate in water, but a nickel-based catalyst designed at the Center for Molecular Electrocatalysis at PNNL quickly produces hydrogen molecules in solutions with 75 percent water
A new catalyst is faster when it and its surrounding acid have the same proton donating ability or pKa, according to scientists at the Center for Molecular Electrocatalysis, an Energy Frontier Research Center, at PNNL.
By grafting features analogous to those in Mother Nature's catalysts onto a synthetic catalyst, scientists at PNNL created a hydrogen production catalyst that is 40% faster than the unmodified catalyst.
A fast and efficient iron-based catalyst that splits hydrogen gas to make electricity — necessary to make fuel cells more economical — was reported by researchers at the Center for Molecular Electrocatalysis, based at PNNL.
Scientists at PNNL's Center for Molecular Electrocatalysis and Villanova University designed a nickel-based complex that more than doubled previously reported hydrogen gas production rates and increased the energy efficiency of the reaction
PNNL researchers have benchmarked a number of commonly used density functional theory (DFT) and electron-correlated molecular orbital theories in their ability to describe the free energy profile for H2 oxidation/evolution