Senior Research Scientist
Applied Materials and Performance Group

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
PO Box 999
Richland, WA 99352

Senior Research Scientist
Applied Materials and Performance Group

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
PO Box 999
Richland, WA 99352


X. Shari Li is a senior research scientist in the Applied Materials and Performance Group within the Energy and Efficiency Division. She joined PNNL in 1994.

Research Interest

X. Shari Li's research has focused on material synthesis and film deposition. She has extensive experience in the development of various coatings for medical, energy and environmental applications. Recently her work has focused on the development of gas separation membranes; CO2 adsorbents


  • M.S., Chemical Engineering, Washington State University, 1994
  • B.S., Chemical Engineering, Chengdu University of Science and Technology (Sichuang University), China, 1984

Awards and Recognitions

  • X. Shari Li is named as inventor in 20 US patents. She has received two R&D 100 Awards, an Inaugural MICRO/NANO 25 Award. She also received Battelle Distinguished inventor award in 2016.




  • Davidson S.D., K.A. Spies, D. Mei, L. Kovarik, I.V. Kutnyakov, X.S. Li, and V. Dagle, et al. 2017. "Steam Reforming of Acetic Acid over Co-supported Catalysts: Coupling Ketonization for Greater Stability." ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering 5, no. 10:9136-9149. PNNL-SA-125545. doi:10.1021/acssuschemeng.7b02052
  • Pan H., B. Li, D. Mei, Z. Nie, Y. Shao, G. Li, and X.S. Li, et al. 2017. "Controlling Solid-Liquid Conversion Reactions for Highly Reversible Aqueous Zinc-Iodine Battery." ACS Energy Letters 2. PNNL-SA-128748. doi:10.1021/acsenergylett.7b00851
  • Riley B.J., J.O. Kroll, J.A. Peterson, J. Matyas, M.J. Olszta, X.S. Li, and J.D. Vienna. 2017. "Silver-loaded aluminosilicate aerogels as iodine sorbents." ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 9, no. 38:32907-32919. PNNL-SA-126525. doi:10.1021/acsami.7b10290
  • Spies K.A., J.E. Rainbolt, X.S. Li, B. Braunberger, L. Li, D.L. King, and R.A. Dagle. 2017. "Warm Cleanup of Coal-Derived Syngas: Multicontaminant Removal Process Demonstration." Energy and Fuels 31, no. 3:2448-2456. PNNL-SA-120510. doi:10.1021/acs.energyfuels.6b02568


  • Ramasamy K.K., M.J. Gray, H.M. Job, D.M. Santosa, X.S. Li, A. Devaraj, and A.J. Karkamkar, et al. 2016. "Role of Calcination Temperature on the Hydrotalcite Derived MgO-Al2O3 in Converting Ethanol to Butanol." Topics in Catalysis 59, no. 1:46-54. PNNL-SA-110874. doi:10.1007/s11244-015-0504-8
  • Zhang K., X.S. Li, H. Chen, P. Singh, and D.L. King. 2016. "Molten Salt Promoting Effect in Double Salt CO2 Absorbents." Journal of Physical Chemistry 120, no. 2:1089-1096. PNNL-SA-114705. doi:10.1021/acs.jpcc.5b10729


  • Sun J., A.M. Karim, X.S. Li, J.E. Rainbolt, L. Kovarik, Y. Shin, and Y. Wang. 2015. "Hierarchically structured catalysts for cascade and selective steam reforming/hydrodeoxygenation reactions." Chemical Communications 51, no. 93:16617-16620. PNNL-SA-114345. doi:10.1039/C5CC07244A
  • Zheng J., P. Yan, M. Gu, M.J. Wagner, K. Hays, J. Chen, and X.S. Li, et al. 2015. "Interfacial Reaction Dependent Performance of Hollow Carbon NanoSphere - Sulfur composite as a cathode for Li-S battery." Frontiers in Energy Research 3. PNNL-SA-107585. doi:10.3389/fenrg.2015.00025


  • Dagle R.A., D.L. King, X.S. Li, R. Xing, K.A. Spies, Y. Zhu, and J.E. Rainbolt, et al. 2014. Coal-Derived Warm Syngas Purification and CO2 Capture-Assisted Methane Production. PNNL-23777. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Lebarbier V.M., R.A. Dagle, L. Kovarik, K.O. Albrecht, X.S. Li, L. Li, and C.E. Taylor, et al. 2014. "Sorption-Enhanced Synthetic Natural Gas (SNG) Production from Syngas: A Novel Process Combining CO Methanation, Water-Gas Shift, and CO2 Capture." Applied Catalysis. B, Environmental 144. PNNL-SA-90830. doi:10.1016/j.apcatb.2013.06.034
  • Zhang K., X.S. Li, W. Li, A. Rohatgi, Y. Duan, P. Singh, and L. Li, et al. 2014. "Phase Transfer-Catalyzed Fast CO2 Absorption by MgO-Based Absorbents with High Cycling Capacity." Advanced Materials Interfaces 1, no. 3:Article No. 1400030. PNNL-SA-98809. doi:10.1002/admi.201400030


  • Albrecht K.O., V.A. Glezakou, R.J. Rousseau, M.H. Engelhard, T. Varga, R.J. Colby, and J.E. Jaffe, et al. 2013. Rh-Based Mixed Alcohol Synthesis Catalysts: Characterization and Computational Report. PNNL-22697. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Nasybulin E.N., W. Xu, M.H. Engelhard, X.S. Li, M. Gu, D. Hu, and J. Zhang. 2013. "Electrocatalytic properties of poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) in Li-O2 battery." Electrochemistry Communications 29. PNNL-SA-92140. doi:10.1016/j.elecom.2013.01.011
  • Nasybulin E.N., W. Xu, M.H. Engelhard, Z. Nie, X.S. Li, and J. Zhang. 2013. "Stability of polymer binders in Li-O2 batteries." Journal of Power Sources 243. PNNL-SA-93354. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2013.06.097
  • Sun J., A.M. Karim, H. Zhang, L. Kovarik, X.S. Li, A. Hensley, and J. McEwen, et al. 2013. "Carbon-Supported bimetallic Pd-Fe catalysts for vapor-phase hydrodeoxygenation of guaiacol." Journal of Catalysis 306, no. 1:47-57. PNNL-SA-86936. doi:10.1016/j.jcat.2013.05.020
  • Zheng J., M. Gu, M.J. Wagner, K. Hays, X.S. Li, P. Zuo, and C.M. Wang, et al. 2013. "Revisit Carbon/Sulfur Composite for Li-S Batteries." Journal of the Electrochemical Society 160, no. 10:A1624-A1628. PNNL-SA-96367. doi:10.1149/2.013310jes


  • Davidson J.D., R.J. Wiacek, S.D. Burton, X.S. Li, G.E. Fryxell, R.S. Addleman, and W. Yantasee, et al. 2012. "Improved deposition and deprotection of silane tethered 3,4 hydroxypyridinone (HOPO) ligands on functionalized nanoporous silica." Inorganic Chemistry Communications 18. PNNL-SA-79344. doi:10.1016/j.inoche.2012.01.025
  • Xu W., X. Chen, F. Ding, J. Xiao, D. Wang, A. Pan, and J. Zheng, et al. 2012. "Reinvestigation on the state-of-the-art nonaqueous carbonate electrolytes for 5 V Li-ion battery applications." Journal of Power Sources 213. PNNL-SA-85841. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2012.04.031
  • Zheng J., J. Xiao, W. Xu, X. Chen, M. Gu, X.S. Li, and J. Zhang. 2012. "Surface and Structural Stabilities of Carbon Additives in High Voltage Lithium Ion Batteries." Journal of Power Sources 227. PNNL-SA-89391. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2012.11.038


  • Kwak J., J.H. Lee, D. Kim, X.S. Li, D.N. Tran, and C.H. Peden. 2011. "Deactivation Mechanisms of Base Metal/Zeolite Urea Selective Catalytic Reduction Materials, and Development of Zeolite-Based Hydrocarbon Adsorber Materials." In 2011 Annual Progress Report: Advanced Combustion Engine Research and Development, edited by G Singh. 231-237. Washington Dc:Department of Energy: Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy. PNNL-21074.
  • Lu Z., G. Xia, J.D. Templeton, X.S. Li, Z. Nie, Z. Yang, and J.W. Stevenson. 2011. "Development of Ni1-xCoxO as the cathode/interconnect contact for solid oxide fuel cells." Electrochemistry Communications 13, no. 6:642-645. PNNL-SA-77654. doi:10.1016/j.elecom.2011.03.034
  • Riley B.J., J. Chun, J.V. Ryan, J. Matyas, X.S. Li, D.W. Matson, and S.K. Sundaram, et al. 2011. "Chalcogen-based aerogels as a multifunctional platform for remediation of radioactive iodine." RSC Advances 1, no. 9:1704-1715. PNNL-SA-80633. doi:10.1039/C1RA00351H
  • Xia G., R.C. Scott, X.S. Li, Z. Nie, J. Choi, and J.W. Stevenson. 2011. "Development of SOFC Interconnects and Coatings." In 2011 Office of Fossil Energy Fuel Cell Program Annual Report. 120-123. Washington, District Of Columbia:Department of Energy. PNNL-SA-80405.
  • Xia G., X.S. Li, Z. Lu, Z. Nie, R.C. Scott, J.D. Templeton, and J.W. Stevenson. 2011. "Development of Cathode-Interconnect Contact Materials for SOFCs." In 2011 Office of Fossil Energy Fuel Cell Program Annual Report. 124-128. Washington, District Of Columbia:Department of Energy. PNNL-SA-80676.


  • Li L., D.L. King, Z. Nie, X.S. Li, and C.J. Howard. 2010. "MgAI2O4 Spinel-Stabilized Calcium Oxide Absorbents with Improved Durability for High-Temperature CO2 Capture." Energy and Fuels 24, no. 6:3698-3703. PNWD-SA-8862. doi:10.1021/ef100245q
  • Samuels W.D., N.H. LaFemina, V. Sukwarotwat, W. Yantasee, X.S. Li, and G.E. Fryxell. 2010. "Chloromethylated activated carbon: A useful new synthon for making a novel class of sorbents for heavy metal separations." Separation Science and Technology 45, no. 2:228-235. PNNL-SA-63122. doi:10.1080/01496390903423550
  • Xu W., N.L. Canfield, D. Wang, J. Xiao, Z. Nie, X.S. Li, and W.D. Bennett, et al. 2010. "Approach to make macroporous metal sheets as current collectors for lithium-ion batteries." Journal of the Electrochemical Society 157, no. 7:A765-A769. PNNL-SA-69910.
  • Zhang J., W. Xu, X.S. Li, and W. Liu. 2010. "Air Dehydration Membranes for Nonaqueous Lithium-Air Batteries." Journal of the Electrochemical Society 157, no. 8:A940-A946. PNNL-SA-71658.


  • Tarasevich B.J., A. Gutowska, X.S. Li, and B. Jeong. 2009. "The Effect of Polymer Composition on the Gelation Behavior of PLGA-g-PEG Biodegradable Thermoreversible Gels." Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A 89A, no. 1:248-254. PNNL-SA-59333.


  • Li X.S., G.E. Fryxell, C.M. Wang, and M.H. Engelhard. 2008. "The Synthesis of Ag-Doped Mesoporous TiO2." Microporous and Mesoporous Materials 111, no. 1-3:639-642. PNNL-SA-54718. doi:10.1016/j.micromeso.2007.07.042


  • Johnson B.R., N.L. Canfield, D.N. Tran, R.A. Dagle, X.S. Li, J.D. Holladay, and Y. Wang. 2007. "Engineered SMR catalysts based on hydrothermally stable, porous, ceramic supports for microchannel reactors." Catalysis Today 120, no. 1:54-62. PNNL-SA-53034.
  • Li X.S., G.E. Fryxell, C.M. Wang, and J.A. Young. 2007. "Templating Mesoporous Hierarchies in Silica Thin Films Using the Thermal Degradation of Cellulose Nitrate." Microporous and Mesoporous Materials 99, no. 3:308-318. PNNL-SA-54344.
  • Li X.S., G.E. Fryxell, M.H. Engelhard, and C.M. Wang. 2007. "The Synthesis of Cadmium Doped Mesoporous TiO2." Inorganic Chemistry Communications 10, no. 6:639-641. PNNL-SA-52715. doi:10.1016/j.inoche.2007.02.018
  • Shin Y., B.W. Arey, C.M. Wang, X.S. Li, M.H. Engelhard, and G.E. Fryxell. 2007. "Synthesis and Characterization of Phosphate-coated Mesoporous Titania and Cd-doping of Same via Ion-Exchange." Inorganic Chemistry Communications 10, no. 6:642-645. PNNL-SA-53272. doi:10.1016/j.inoche.2007.02.016
  • Yang Z., G. Xia, X.S. Li, and J.W. Stevenson. 2007. "(Mn,Co)(3)O-4 Spinel Coatings on Ferritic Stainless Steels for SOFC Interconnect Applications." International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 32, no. 16:3648-3654. PNNL-SA-50053.
  • Yang Z., G. Xia, X.S. Li, P. Singh, and J.W. Stevenson. 2007. Fabrication of (Mn,Co)3O4 Surface Coatings onto Alloy Substrates. PNNL-16470. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.


  • Li X.S., A.R. Courtney, W. Yantasee, S.V. Mattigod, and G.E. Fryxell. 2006. "Templated synthesis of mesoporous titanium phosphates for the sequestration of radionuclides." Inorganic Chemistry Communications 9, no. 3:293-295. PNNL-SA-46567.
  • Li X.S., G.E. Fryxell, C.M. Wang, and J.S. Young. 2006. "Nitrocellulose Templated Hierarchical Pore Structure in Mesoporous Thin Films." Inorganic Chemistry Communications 9, no. 1:7-9. PNNL-SA-46531.


  • Cao C., Y. Wang, S.B. Jones, J. Hu, X.S. Li, D.C. Elliott, and D.J. Stevens. 2005. "Microchannel Catalytic Processes for Converting Biomass-Derived Syngas to Transportation Fuels." In Microreactor Technology and Process Intensification, ACS Symposium Series, edited by Yong Wang and Jamelyn D. Holladay. 273-284. Washington, District Of Columbia:American Chemical Society. PNNL-SA-43441.
  • Gutowska A., L. Li, Y. Shin, C.M. Wang, X.S. Li, J.C. Linehan, and R.S. Smith, et al. 2005. "Nano-Scaffold Mediates Hydrogen Release and Reactivity of Ammonia Borane." Angewandte Chemie International Edition 44, no. 23:3578-3582. PNNL-SA-43271.
  • Shin Y., C.M. Wang, X.S. Li, and G.J. Exarhos. 2005. "Synthesis of supported carbon nanotubes in mineralized silica-wood composites." Carbon 43, no. 5:1096-1098. PNNL-SA-39765.
  • Williford R.E., G.E. Fryxell, X.S. Li, and S. Addleman. 2005. "Mechanism of Hierarchical Porosity Formation in Silica Thin Films using Cellulose Nitrate." Microporous and Mesoporous Materials 84, no. 1-3:201-210. PNNL-SA-43308.
  • Williford R.E., R.S. Addleman, X.S. Li, T.S. Zemanian, J.C. Birnbaum, and G.E. Fryxell. 2005. "Pore Shape Evolution in Mesoporous Silica Thin Films: from Circular to Elliptical to Rectangular." Journal of Non-crystalline Solids 351, no. 27-29:2217-2223. PNNL-SA-41313.
  • Williford R.E., X.S. Li, R.S. Addleman, G.E. Fryxell, S. Baskaran, J.C. Birnbaum, and C.A. Coyle, et al. 2005. "Mechanical Stability of Templated Mesoporous Silica Thin Films." Microporous and Mesoporous Materials 85, no. 3:260-266. PNNL-SA-44235.


  • Li X.S., G.E. Fryxell, J.C. Birnbaum, and C.M. Wang. 2004. "Effects of Template and Precursor Chemistry on Structure and Properties of Mesoporous TiO2 Thin Films." Langmuir 20, no. 21:9095-9102. PNNL-SA-38936.
  • Li X.S., G.E. Fryxell, J.C. Birnbaum, and C.M. Wang. 2004. "The Effects of Template and Precursor Chemistry on Structure and Properties of Mesoporous TiO2 Thin Films." Langmuir20, no. 21:9095-9102. PNNL-SA-42064.
  • Shin Y., X.S. Li, C.M. Wang, J.E. Coleman, and G.J. Exarhos. 2004. "Synthesis of Hierarchical Titanium Carbide from Titania-Coated Cellulose Paper." Advanced Materials 16, no. 14:1212-1215. PNNL-SA-41057.


  • Birnbaum J.C., G.E. Fryxell, X.S. Li, C.A. Coyle, G.C. Dunham, and S. Baskaran. 2003. "Effects of Trace Metals and Organic Additives on Porosity and Dielectric Constant of High Purity Mesoporous Silica Films." Chemical Communications 2003, no. 15:1830-1831. PNWD-SA-5825.
  • Chin Y., Y. Wang, R.A. Dagle, and X.S. Li. 2003. "Methanol steam reforming over Pd/ZnO: catalyst preparation and pretreatment studies." Fuel Processing Technology 83, no. 1-3:193-201. PNNL-SA-36816.
  • Li X.S., J.C. Birnbaum, R.E. Williford, G.E. Fryxell, C.A. Coyle, G.C. Dunham, and S. Baskaran. 2003. "Effect of Humidity Treatments on Porosity and Mechanical Integrity of Mesoporous Silica Films." Chemical Communications. PNWD-SA-5824.
  • Yantasee W., Y. Lin, X.S. Li, G.E. Fryxell, T.S. Zemanian, and V.V. Viswanathan. 2003. "Nanoengineered Electrochemical Sensor Based on Mesoporous Silica Thin-film Functionalized with Thiol-Terminated Monolayer." Analyst 128, no. 7:899-904. PNNL-SA-38216.


  • Birnbaum J.C., X.S. Li, C.R. Yonker, G.E. Fryxell, and S. Baskaran. 2002. "Effect of Solution Chemistry and Speciation on Shelf-life of Silica Sols and Characteristics of Deposited Mesoporous Thin Films." Chemical Communications 19. PNNL-SA-36867.
  • Campbell A.A., B.L. Deatherage, X.S. Li, B.J. Nelson, C.R. Bottoni, and E. Dejong. 2002. "Hydroxyapatite Coatings Produced by Surface-Induced Mineralizaiton." In Biominetic Calcium Phosphate Coatings. 47-54. Trivandrum:Research Signpost. PNNL-SA-35282.


  • Campbell A.A., L. Song, X.S. Li, B.J. Nelson, C.R. Bottoni, D.E. Brooks, and E. Dejong. 2000. "Development, Characterization, and Anti-Microbial Efficacy of Hydroxyapatite-Chlorhexidine Coatings Produced by Surface-Induced Mineralization." Journal of Biomedical Materials Research 53, no. 4:400-407. PNNL-SA-32169.
  • Wang Y., A.Y. Kim, X.S. Li, L.Q. Wang, C.H. Peden, and B.C. Bunker. 2000. "Shape Selective Solid Acid Catalysts Based on Tungstophosphoric Acid Supported on Mesoporous Silica." In Shape-Selective Catalysis, edited by Chunshan Song, Juan M. Garces and Yoshihiro Sugi, 738, 353-368. Washington, District Of Columbia:American Chemical Society. PNNL-SA-31580.


  • Elder S.H., Y. Gao, X.S. Li, J. Liu, D.E. McCready, and C.F. Windisch. 1998. "Zirconia-Stabilized 25-AngstromTiO2 Anatase Crystallites in a Mesoporous Structure." Chemistry of Materials 10, no. 10:3140-3145. PNNL-SA-31040.