September 2, 2020
Book Chapter

Metabolite, Protein, and Lipid Extraction (MPLEx): a method that simultaneously inactivates Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus and allows analysis of multiple host cell components following infection

Kent Bloodsworth
Thomas Metz
Amy Sims

Abstract

Mass spectrometry (MS)-based, integrated proteomics, metabolomics, and lipidomics (collectively, multi-omics) studies provide a very detailed snap shot of virus-induced changes to the host following infection and can lead to the identification of novel prophylactic and therapeutic targets for preventing or lessening disease severity. Multi-omics studies with Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) are challenging as the requirements of Biosafety Level 3 containment limit the numbers of samples that can be safely managed. To address these issues, the multi-omics sample preparation technique MPLEx (metabolite, protein, and lipid extraction) was developed to partition a single sample into three distinct parts (metabolites, proteins and lipids) for multi-omics analysis, while simultaneously inactivating MERS-CoV by solubilizing and disrupting the viral envelope and denaturing viral proteins. Here we describe the MPLEx protocol, highlight the step of inactivation, and describe the details of downstream processing, instrumental analysis of studies with Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) are challenging as the requirements of Biosafety Level 3 containment limit the numbers of samples that can be safely managed. To address these issues, the multi-omics sample preparation technique MPLEx (metabolite, protein, and lipid extraction) was developed to partition a single sample into three distinct parts (metabolites, proteins and lipids) for multi-omics analysis, while simultaneously inactivating MERS-CoV by solubilizing and disrupting the viral envelope and denaturing viral proteins. Here we describe the MPLEx protocol, highlight the step of inactivation, and describe the details of downstream processing, instrumental analysis of the three separate analytes and their subsequent informatics pipelines.

Revised: September 2, 2020 | Published: January 2, 2020

Citation

Nicora C.D., A. Sims, K.J. Bloodsworth, Y. Kim, R.J. Moore, J.E. Kyle, and E.S. Nakayasu, et al. 2020. "Metabolite, Protein, and Lipid Extraction (MPLEx): a method that simultaneously inactivates Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus and allows analysis of multiple host cell components following infection." In MERS Coronavirus: Methods and Protocols, edited by R. Vijay. 173-194. New York, New York:Humana. PNNL-SA-142077. doi:10.1007/978-1-0716-0211-9_14