AbstractBorosilicate waste glasses were successfully developed to immobilize two high-level waste raffinate streams via an in-can melter process with an Inconel 601 canister at 1050 °C. Measured viscosity and crystallinity thermal profiles were within the targeted processing constraints for the in-can melter process. Measured chemical durability of the glass by ASTM C1285–21 (Method A), ranged from normalized loss of boron, NL(B) = 1.44 – 2.65 g·m-2, and NL(B) decreased with increased waste loading, accompanied by increased SnO2 crystallinity. Measured corrosion of the in-can melter canister by a glass melt showed that Inconel 601 performed well at 1100 °C for up to 500 hr. Resistance polarization measurements versus time revealed that Inconel 601 corrosion rates in (and by) glass melts decreased from an initial rate of 63 mm·y-1 down to 10.2 mm·y-1 after 137 h with increased duration, which was attributed to formation of an oxide passivation layer (mainly Cr2O3) at the alloy-glass interface.
Published: September 20, 2023