AbstractProbing the entirety of any species metabolome is an analytical grand challenge, especially at a cellular scale. Where spatial metabolomics, completed primarily by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI), has limited molecular coverage for several reasons. To expand the scope of spatial metabolomics, we developed an on-tissue chemical derivatization (OTCD) workflow using 4-APEBA for confident identification of several dozen elusive phytocompounds, including several phytohormones, which have various roles within stress responses and cellular communication. Superiority of 4-APEBA is established in comparison to other derivatization agents with (1) broad specificity towards carbonyls, (2) low background, and (3) introduction of bromine isotopes, where the latter two facilitate confident bioinformatics. The outlined workflow trailblazes a path towards spatial hormonomics within plant samples, enhancing detection of carboxylates, aldehydes, ketones, and plausibly phenols.
Published: November 17, 2023