February 3, 2022

Evaluation of Degradation Mechanisms for Solid Secondary Waste Grout Waste Forms


The overall objective of this work is to provide defensibility for the long-term performance of grouted Hanford SSW streams when disposed in a near surface disposal facility, IDF, on the Hanford Site. Providing defensibly for the long-term performance of the grouted waste forms is consistent with the research and development activities identified in the Performance Assessment Maintenance Plan, (Westcott et al. 2019), that are necessary to address the assumptions made in the PA. Specifically, this work addresses two areas identified for further research and development activities in the plan: (1) “Evaluate ongoing research on transport characteristics of cementitious materials using accelerated tests to approximate the effects of aging/alteration/weathering”; and (2) “Evaluate ongoing research on microbial effects on transport processes in cementitious materials.” The assembled subject matter expert team evaluated a list of degradation mechanisms and supporting processes and provided rankings of areas where further research and development (R&D) are needed. From this assessment, high priority R&D areas include: (1) the effects of carbonation, Ca leaching, and SSW dimensional change in grout waste forms; (2) updated model representations of grouted waste forms; and (3) scaled testing demonstrations. Moderate priority items including a paper study on possible microbial influence, reoxidation rates, radionuclide/contaminant dissolution from SSW in the grout and freeze thaw behavior. Other processes evaluated were either deemed unlikely to occur, to have little impact on the SSW waste forms, or to occur at time frames beyond those considered (>10,000 years). The assessments and proposed R&D approaches are expected to support an update to the WRPS SSW roadmap.

Published: February 3, 2022


Asmussen R.M., S.A. Saslow, G.L. Smith, A. Bourchy, J.J. Neeway, A. Fujii Yamagata, and R. Nichols, et al. 2021. Evaluation of Degradation Mechanisms for Solid Secondary Waste Grout Waste Forms Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.

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