July 12, 2023

Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Consequence Assessment


With consumers’ growing interest in electric vehicles, extreme fast charging stations are poised to provide high-power charging to rapidly recharge light-duty passenger vehicles. High-power charging requires high-level communication between vehicle and charger to govern the charging process. The coupling of power and communication increases the potential scale of cyberattacks. Using a full Western Electricity Coordinating Council planning model, load manipulation from high-power charging infrastructure is investigated. Two cases of load manipulation are studied: (i) a discrete, widespread system event and (ii) loads modulated near the Western Interconnect’s resonant frequency. In (i) some generation trips and in (ii) oscillations are observed on the California Oregon Intertie. Neither scenario results in significant adverse effects to the grid.

Published: July 12, 2023


Maloney P.R., J. O'Brien, T.E. Carroll, R.M. Pratt, L. O'Neil, and G.B. Dindlebeck. 2023. Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Consequence Assessment Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.