September 20, 2023
Journal Article

Pumping Iron: A Multi-omics Analysis of Two Extremophilic Algae Reveals Iron Economy Management


Marine algae are responsible for half of the world's primary productivity, but this critical carbonsink is often constrained by insufficient iron. One species of marine algae, Dunaliella tertiolecta, isremarkable for its ability to maintain photosynthesis and thrive in low-iron environments. A relatedspecies, Dunaliella salina Bardawil, shares this attribute but is an extremophile found in hypersaline environments. To elucidate how algae manage their iron requirements, we produced highquality genome assemblies and transcriptomes for both species to serve as a foundation for acomparative multi-omics analysis. We identified a host of iron-uptake proteins in both species,including a massive expansion of transferrins and a novel family of siderophore-iron uptakeproteins. Complementing these multiple iron-uptake routes, ferredoxin functions as a large ironreservoir that can be released by induction of flavodoxin. Proteomic analysis revealed reducedinvestment in the photosynthetic apparatus coupled with remodeling of antenna proteins bydramatic iron-deficiency induction of TIDI1, a light harvesting complex protein found also in otherchlorophytes. These combinatorial iron scavenging and sparing strategies make Dunaliellaunique among photosynthetic organisms

Published: September 20, 2023


Davidi L., S.D. Gallaher, E. Ben-David, S.O. Purvine, T.L. Fillmore, C.D. Nicora, and R.J. Craig, et al. 2023. Pumping Iron: A Multi-omics Analysis of Two Extremophilic Algae Reveals Iron Economy Management. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) 120, no. 30:Art. No: e2305495120. PNNL-SA-187681. doi:10.1073/pnas.2305495120

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