April 15, 2022

Glass Property-Composition Models for Support of Hanford WTP LAW Facility Operation


Current plans for the River Protection Project envision starting to vitrifying low-activity waste (LAW) by 2023 using a Direct Feed Low-Activity Waste (DFLAW) approach and subsequently using a full-pretreatment approach. The Hanford Tank Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP) LAW Facility will be operated and controlled using a LAW glass formulation algorithm (GFA), which requires several inputs based on research and development results. LAW glass property-composition models for several product quality and processing properties are key inputs for the LAW GFA. It is envisioned that the preliminary LAW GFA discussed by Kim and Vienna (2012) will be used for commissioning and initial radioactive operations of the WTP LAW Facility under Bechtel National, Inc. using the DFLAW approach. Then, an updated LAW GFA will be developed for implementation by the WTP operating contractor that takes over after WTP LAW Facility commissioning. This report documents the enhanced LAW glass property-composition models developed for use in the updated LAW GFA. The properties for which models were developed include Product Consistency Test (PCT) response, Vapor Hydration Test (VHT) response, viscosity at 1150 °C, electrical conductivity at 1150 °C, melter SO3 tolerance at 1150 °C, and K-3 refractory corrosion at 1208 °C. Table S.1 lists the tables in this report that contain the recommended models for each of these properties. The model types recommended include partial quadratic mixture (PQM) models for viscosity, electrical conductivity, melter SO3 tolerance and K-3 corrosion, bias corrected PQM model (bcPQM) for PCT, and logistic PQM model for VHT. The fits of model and validation subsets were found to be well predicted by the recommended models.

Published: April 15, 2022


Vienna J.D., A. Heredia-Langner, S.K. Cooley, A.E. Holmes, D. Kim, and N.A. Lumetta. 2022. Glass Property-Composition Models for Support of Hanford WTP LAW Facility Operation Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.

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