AbstractApproximately 9 liters of supernatant from Hanford waste tank 241-SY-101 was delivered by Washington River Protection Solutions to the Radiochemical Processing Laboratory (RPL) at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. The thirty-six SY-101 sample bottles were comprised of six sets of six samples, with each set pulled from a unique tank sampling level. Prior to testing, samples from each level were composited to provide nominally level-independent feed for dead end filtration and ion exchange testing. The composited 241-SY-101 supernatant was chilled to 16 °C for 1 week prior to testing. Filtration testing was then conducted using a backpulse dead-end filter (BDEF) system equipped with a feed vessel and a Mott inline filter Model 6610 (Media Grade 5) in the hot cells of the RPL. This was done to provide waste processing benchmarks for 200 West Area wastes in the West Area Risk Management project. The feed was filtered through the BDEF system at a targeted flux of 0.065 gpm/ft2. During filtration of the differential pressure required to effect filtration at 0.065 gpm/ft2 increased little over the filtration campaign and never reached 2 psid (the Tank Side Cesium Removal system action limit). This indicates that the Media Grade 5 filter should perform well when processing SY-101 supernatant. After completing filtration of the SY-101 feed, the filter was cleaned. Solids concentrated from the backpulse solutions displayed calcium phosphate, aluminum oxides, aluminum-chromium nanoparticle agglomerates. Electron diffraction was used to determine the types of phases that were present in the solids. Most of the phases found were only weakly crystalline, possibly owing to their rapid precipitation during the process water treatment. The identifications of the phases therefore are tentative.
Published: September 8, 2023