July 11, 2023
Journal Article

Dynamic Network Analysis of Nuclear Science Literature for Research Influence Assessment


Analyzing nuclear science literature via data-driven methods is a critical step for assessing research influence and technology advancements. Indicators of scholarly activities may be buried in large volumes of nuclear research publications and collaboration networks over time. Mining for relevant scholarly influence trends in large volumes of text can be computationally challenging; however, open-source information on research collaborations over time can offer opportunities to extract meaningful insights. While network centrality analysis of scholarly research provides topology-based insights, additional emphasis on dynamics associated with the diffusion of information through these networks is important. This paper represents a step in that direction through the development of a novel dynamic network analysis framework and computational engine to identify key entities and capabilities over time within global scholarly nuclear science collaboration networks. Network theoretic, stochastic simulation, and optimization methods are leveraged to address variability in scholarly interactions, influence propagation, and collaboration patterns via network connections. A topic-aware influence maximization algorithm is developed to address the goal of identifying key influential authors in diverse research topics over time. Efficient parallelized implementation of the algorithm is applied to reduce computational costs. A proof-of-concept case study using open-source Scopus data with 33,517 published nuclear research papers from 2000-2019 is presented and representative analytic insights are generated. Broad implications of these insights are discussed and future research directions are also identified.

Published: July 11, 2023


Chatterjee S., D.G. Thomas, D.C. Fortin, K. Pazdernik, B.A. Wilson, and L. Newburn. 2023. Dynamic Network Analysis of Nuclear Science Literature for Research Influence Assessment. ESARDA Bulletin 65. PNNL-SA-166748. doi:10.3011/ESARDA.IJNSNP.2023.3