February 14, 2020

Conservative Release Fraction Correlation for Spray Releases


Washington River Protection Solutions, LLC (WRPS) is planning to conduct repairs in the Liquid Effluent Retention Facility (LERF), and prior to conducting this work they will re-evaluate the hazard category designation for LERF. As part of this evaluation, WRPS needs estimates of the release fraction of potential accidental sprays, because a spray release is a potential bounding accident. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory previously developed a conservative correlation for the cumulative generation rate (volume per time) of aerosol droplets less than or equal to specific sizes from spray releases as a function of the spray pressure, orifice area, and droplet diameter. To obtain release fraction estimates from the conservative generation rate correlation, the correlation needs to be recast by dividing the aerosol generation rate by the flow rate of a spray. In the current study, a conservative release fraction correlation was developed from the conservative aerosol generation rate correlation developed previously by dividing the generation rate correlation by the flow rate of a spray using an orifice flow rate equation and then this correlation was adjusted to be conservative. Test data were also extrapolated to a lower pressure than the lowest pressure tested (100 psig) for the spray data used for developing the previous conservative generation rate correlation. The new conservative release fraction correlation was then used to predict release fractions of respirable droplets (droplets = 10 ┬Ám) for four specific pipes that are part of LERF.

Revised: February 17, 2021 | Published: February 14, 2020


Gauglitz P.A., and R.C. Daniel. 2020. Conservative Release Fraction Correlation for Spray Releases. PNNL-29618. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.