April 26, 2024
Journal Article

A Comparative Study between Real-world and Laboratory Accelerated Aging of Cu/SSZ-13 SCR Catalysts


Elucidating aging mechanisms in real-world applications is a critical component for developing and maintaining Cu/SSZ-13 SCR catalysts. To reveal gaps between laboratory accelerated aging and real-world aging, herein we report thorough comparative studies between 6 representative catalysts. We apply a wide range of catalyst characterization methods, including surface area/porosity analysis, X-ray diffraction (XRD), H2-temperature programmed reduction, NH3-temperaure programmed desorption, solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), in situ X-ray photoelectron (XPS) and electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopies, to gain atomic-level knowledge on Cu transformation under different aging protocols. We then correlate such knowledge to SCR, NH3/NO oxidation kinetic behavior of the catalysts. We found that sulfur aging plays the most important role in interpreting catalyst degradation during real-world application, including direct sulfur poisoning of isolated CuII SCR active species to CuSO4-like species, the agglomeration of such species to multinuclear CuSO4 clusters, and eventually, CuO formation during desulfation treatments. Such chemistries convert SCR active Cu to SCR inert Cu moieties without severely deteriorating catalyst support integrity. These characteristics are partially replicated by hydrothermal aging in the presence of SOx but are poorly mimicked by hydrothermal aging alone.

Published: April 26, 2024


Wu Y., T. Andana, Y. Wang, Y. Chen, E.D. Walter, M.H. Engelhard, and K.G. Rappe, et al. 2022. A Comparative Study between Real-world and Laboratory Accelerated Aging of Cu/SSZ-13 SCR Catalysts. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 318. PNNL-SA-172435. doi:10.1016/j.apcatb.2022.121807

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