Skip to Main Content U.S. Department of Energy
Fundamental and Computational Sciences Directorate

Staff information


Jian Hu

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
PO Box 999
MSIN: K8-98
Richland, WA 99352


Dr. Jian Zhi Hu is a senior scientist (Level-V) at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) and is a mentor for junior scientist, postdoctor and graduate student research. Dr. Hu joined PNNL in 2000. Prior to then, Dr. Hu was an assistant research professor at University of Utah's Department of Chemistry from 2000 to 2001; and a research professor and associate at several scientific institutions.

Dr. Hu has nearly 30 year's research experience in solid state and liquid state nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) and imaging (MRI). Dr. Hu has developed, including pioneering, many techniques, including:

  • Slow and ultra slow magic angle spinning, or magic angle turning (MAT) NMR techniques with sample spinning rate ranged from 1 to about 1000 Hz for enhanced spectral resolution in solids, semi-solids and biological materials
  • The combined high temperature (up to 240 C or more) and high pressure (up to 50 atm or more) MAS NMR
  • Constant flow MAS NMR for in situ characterization of heterogeneous catalyst materials and reaction mechanisms
  • in situ NMR capabilities for energy storage systems such as Li-ion, Li-S, Li-metal and non-aqueous flow batteries
  • High-resolution proton NMR metabolic profiling in vitro in human body fluids, ex vivo in excised intact tissues/organs, and in vivo in live animals
  • High-resolution and -sensitivity proton metabolite NMR spectrum on samples with very limited masses and volumes.

Dr. Hu is an author and co-author of about 147 peer-reviewed publications. He holds 6 issued U.S. patents, 3 foreign patents and one R&D 100 award that are all related to NMR technology development and applications.

Research Interests

  • Developing unique high resolution slow-MAS NMR metabolomics for biosignature discovery in biological tissues with sample volume from less than about 0.2 microliter to more than 1 cubic centimeter using a single probe;
  • In situ and ex situ NMR characterization of heterogeneous solid catalyst materials, surface functional groups and active cites, molecular dynamics at the interface, reaction mechanisms and pathways;
  • In situ constant flow and high pressure MAS NMR capability development;
  • In situ NMR capability development and applications for energy storage systems such as Li-ion, Li-S, Li-Air and non-aqueous flow batteries;
  • Ultra-high field NMR spectroscopy, quantum chemistry calculations to predict molecular geometry and the principal values of chemical shift tensors, and quadrupolar coupling constants; and NMR lineshape simulation, NMR pulse sequence design, programming, and testing.

Education and Credentials

  • Ph.D., Applied Physics, Wuhan Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • M.S., Applied Physics, Wuhan Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • B.S., Physics, Lanzhou University, China

Affiliations and Professional Service

  • ACS member

Awards and Recognitions

  • Special Academic President Award of the Chinese Academy of Sciences in 1995.
  • 2012 R&D100 Award on graphene based materials for lithium ion battery application.

PNNL Publications


  • Jaegers NR, C Wan, MY Hu, M Vasiliu, DA Dixon, ED Walter, I Wachs, Y Wang, and JZ Hu. 2017. "Investigation of silica-supported vanadium oxide catalysts by high-field 51V Magic Angle Spinning NMR." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 121(11):6246-6254.  doi:10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b01658
  • Hu JZ, C Wan, A Vjunov, M Wang, Z Zhao, MY Hu, DM Camaioni, and JA Lercher. 2017. "Al MAS NMR Studies of HBEA Zeolite at Low to High Magnetic Fields." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 121(23):12849-12854.  doi:10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b03517
  • Hu JZ, X Zhang, NR Jaegers, C Wan, TR Graham, MY Hu, CI Pearce, AR Felmy, SB Clark, and KM Rosso. 2017. "Transitions in Al Coordination During Gibbsite Crystallization Using High-Field 27Al and 23Na MAS NMR Spectroscopy." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 121(49):27555-27565.  doi:10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b10424
  • Wan C, S Xu, MY Hu, R Cao, J Qian, Z Qin, J Liu, KT Mueller, J Zhang, and JZ Hu. 2017. "Multinuclear NMR Study of the Solid Electrolyte Interface Formed in Lithium Metal Batteries." ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 9(17):14741-14748.  doi:10.1021/acsami.6b15383
  • Xiao X, MY Hu, X Zhang, and JZ Hu. 2017. "NMR-based Metabolomics Analysis of Liver from C57BL/6 Mouse Exposed to Ionizing Radiation." Radiation Research 188(1):44-55.  doi:10.1667/RR14602.1
  • Zhao Z, H Shi, C Wan, MY Hu, Y Liu, D Mei, DM Camaioni, JZ Hu, and JA Lercher. 2017. "“On the Mechanism of Phenol Alkylation in Zeolite H-BEA Using In Situ Solid-State NMR Spectroscopy”." Journal of the American Chemical Society 139(27):9178-9185.  doi:10.1021/jacs.7b02153


  • Hu JZ, S Xu, JH Kwak, MY Hu, C Wan, Z Zhao, J Szanyi, X Bao, X Han, Y Wang, and CHF Peden. 2016. "High Field 27Al MAS NMR and TPD studies of active sites in ethanol dehydration using thermally treated transitional aluminas as catalysts ." Journal of Catalysis 336(1):85-93.  doi:10.1016/j.jcat.2016.01.006
  • Hu JZ, S Xu, JH Kwak, MY Hu, C Wan, Z Zhao, J Szanyi, X Bao, X Han, Y Wang, and CHF Peden. 2016. "High field 27Al MAS NMR and TPD studies of active sites in ethanol dehydration using thermally treated transitional aluminas as catalysts." Journal of Catalysis 336:85-93.  doi:10.1016/j.jcat.2016.01.006
  • Hu JZ, X Xiao, and MY Hu. 2016. "NMR Metabolomics in Ionizing Radiation." Clinics in Oncology 1:1080. 
  • Hu JZ, Z Zhao, MY Hu, J Feng, X Deng, X Chen, W Xu, J Liu, and J Zhang. 2016. "In situ 7Li and 133Cs Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Investigations on the Role of Cs+ Additive in Lithium-Metal Deposition Process." Journal of Power Sources 304:51-59.  doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2015.10.067
  • Hu JZ. 2016. "Magic Angle Spinning NMR Metabolomics." Metabolomics 6(2):e147.  doi:10.4172/2153-0769.1000e147
  • Baker C, JL Gole, JI Brauer, S Graham, JZ Hu, J Kenvin, AD D'Amico, and M White. 2016. "Activity of titania and zeolite samples dosed with triethylamine." Microporous and Mesoporous Materials 220:44-57.  doi:10.1016/j.micromeso.2015.08.022
  • Deng X, MY Hu, X Wei, W Wang, KT Mueller, Z Chen, and JZ Hu. 2016. "Nuclear Magnetic resonance studies of the solvation of a high-performance nonaqueous redox flow electrolyte." Journal of Power Sources 308:172-179.  doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2015.12.005
  • Deng X, MY Hu, X Wei, W Wang, KT Mueller, Z Chen, and JZ Hu. 2016. "Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Studies of the Solvation Structures of a High-Performance Nonaqueous Redox Flow Electrolyte." Journal of Power Sources 308:172-179.  doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2015.12.005
  • Han KS, NN Rajput, M Vijayakumar, X Wei, W Wang, JZ Hu, KA Persson, and KT Mueller. 2016. "Preferential Solvation of an Asymmetric Redox Molecule." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 120(49):27834-27839.  doi:10.1021/acs.jpcc.6b09114
  • Hu MY, X Deng, S Thanthiriwatte, VE Jackson, C Wan, O Qafoku, DA Dixon, AR Felmy, KM Rosso, and JZ Hu. 2016. "In Situ Natural Abundance 17O and 25Mg NMR Investigation of Aqueous Mg(OH)2 Dissolution in the Presence of Supercritical CO2." Environmental Science & Technology 50(22):12373-12384.  doi:10.1021/acs.est.6b03443
  • Qian J, BD Adams, J Zheng, W Xu, WA Henderson, J Wang, ME Bowden, S Xu, JZ Hu, and J Zhang. 2016. "Anode-Free Rechargeable Lithium Metal Batteries." Advanced Functional Materials 26(39):7094-7102.  doi:10.1002/adfm.201602353
  • Tang W, BM Goh, MY Hu, C Wan, B Tian, X Deng, C Peng, M Lin, JZ Hu, and KP Loh. 2016. "In Situ Raman and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Study of Trapped Lithium in the Solid Electrolyte Interface of Reduced Graphene Oxide." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 120(5):2600-2608.  doi:10.1021/acs.jpcc.5b12551
  • Wan C, MY Hu, NR Jaegers, D Shi, H Wang, F Gao, Z Qin, Y Wang, and JZ Hu. 2016. "Investigating the Surface Structure of ?-Al2O3 Supported WOx Catalysts by High-Field 27Al MAS NMR and Electronic Structure Calculations." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 120(40):23093-23103.  doi:10.1021/acs.jpcc.6b09060
  • Wan C, MY Hu, O Borodin, J Qian, Z Qin, J Zhang, and JZ Hu. 2016. "Natural Abundance 17O, 6Li NMR and Molecular Modeling Studies of the Solvation Structures of Lithium bis(fluorosulfonyl)imide/1,2-dimethoxyethane Liquid Electrolytes." Journal of Power Sources 307:231-243.  doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2015.12.120
  • Xiao X, MY Hu, M Liu, and JZ Hu. 2016. "1H NMR Metabolomics Study of Spleen from C57BL/6 Mice Exposed to Gamma Radiation." Metabolomics 6(1):Article No. 165.  doi:10.4172/2153-0769.1000165
  • Xu S, Z Zhao, MY Hu, X Han, JZ Hu, and X Bao. 2016. "Investigation Of Water Assisted Phase Transformation Process From AlPO4-5 to AlPO4-tridymite." Microporous and Mesoporous Materials 223:241-246.  doi:10.1016/j.micromeso.2015.10.039
  • Zhao Z, S Xu, MY Hu, X Bao, and JZ Hu. 2016. "In situ High Temperature High Pressure MAS NMR Study on the Crystallization of AlPO4-5." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 120(3):1701-1708.  doi:10.1021/acs.jpcc.5b11294


  • Hu JZ, S Xu, W Li, MY Hu, X Deng, DA Dixon, M Vasiliu, R Craciun, Y Wang, X Bao, and CHF Peden. 2015. "Investigation of the Structure and Active Sites of TiO2 Nanorod Supported VOx Catalysts by High-Field and Fast-Spinning 51V MAS NMR." ACS Catalysis 5(7):3945-3952.  doi:10.1021/acscatal.5b00286
  • Wei X, L Cosimbescu, W Xu, JZ Hu, M Vijayakumar, J Feng, MY Hu, X Deng, J Xiao, J Liu, VL Sprenkle, and W Wang. 2015. "Towards High-Performance Nonaqueous Redox Flow Electrolyte through Ionic Modification of Active Species." Advanced Energy Materials 5(1):Article No. 1400678.  doi:10.1002/aenm.201400678
  • Deng X, MY Hu, X Wei, W Wang, Z Chen, J Liu, and JZ Hu. 2015. "Natural Abundance 17O Nuclear Magnetic Resonance and Computational Modeling Studies of Lithium Based Liquid Electrolytes." Journal of Power Sources 285:146-155.  doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2015.03.091
  • Hu JZ, MY Hu, Z Zhao, S Xu, A Vjunov, H Shi, DM Camaioni, CHF Peden, and JA Lercher. 2015. "Sealed Rotors for In Situ High Temperature High Pressure MAS NMR." Chemical Communications 51(70):13458-13461.  doi:10.1039/c5cc03910j
  • Hu JZ, X Wang, J Feng, BJM Webb-Robertson, KM Waters, SC Tilton, JG Pounds, RA Corley, M Liu, and MY Hu. 2015. "Metabolite Signatures in Hydrophilic Extracts of Mouse Lungs Exposed to Cigarette Smoke Revealed By 1H NMR Metabolomics Investigation." Metabolomics 5(2):Article No. 143.  doi:10.4172/2153-0769.1000143
  • Kovarik L, ME Bowden, D Shi, NM Washton, A Anderson, JZ Hu, J Lee, J Szanyi, JH Kwak, and CHF Peden. 2015. "Unraveling the Origin of Structural Disorder in High Temperature Transition Al2O3: Structure of ?-Al2O3." Chemistry of Materials 27(20):7042-7049.  doi:10.1021/acs.chemmater.5b02523
  • Liu TL, JT Cox, D Hu, X Deng, JZ Hu, MY Hu, J Xiao, Y Shao, K Tang, and J Liu. 2015. "A Fundamental Study on the [(µ-Cl)3Mg2(THF)6]+ Dimer Electrolytes for Rechargeable Mg Batteries." Chemical Communications 51(12):2312-2315.  doi:10.1039/c4cc07621d
  • Tang W, Y Liu, C Peng, MY Hu, X Deng, M Lin, JZ Hu, and KP Loh. 2015. "Probing Lithium Germanide Phase Evolution and Structural Change in a Germanium-in-Carbon Nanotube Energy Storage System." Journal of the American Chemical Society 137(7):2600-7.  doi:10.1021/ja5116259
  • Vijayakumar M, Z Nie, ED Walter, JZ Hu, J Liu, VL Sprenkle, and W Wang. 2015. "Understanding Aqueous Electrolyte Stability through Combined Computational and Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy: A Case Study on Vanadium Redox Flow Battery Electrolytes." ChemPlusChem 80(2):428-437.  doi:10.1002/cplu.201402139
  • Vjunov A, JL Fulton, DM Camaioni, JZ Hu, SD Burton, I Arslan, and JA Lercher. 2015. "The impact of aqueous medium on zeolite framework integrity." Chemistry of Materials 27(9):3533-3545.  doi:10.1021/acs.chemmater.5b01238
  • Vjunov A, JL Fulton, T Huthwelker, S Pin, D Mei, GK Schenter, N Govind, DM Camaioni, JZ Hu, and JA Lercher. 2015. "Correction to “Quantitatively probing the Al distribution in zeolites”." Journal of the American Chemical Society 137(6):2409.  doi:10.1021/ja513077w
  • Xiao J, JZ Hu, H Chen, M Vijayakumar, J Zheng, H Pan, ED Walter, MY Hu, X Deng, J Feng, BY Liaw, M Gu, Z Deng, D Lu, S Xu, CM Wang, and J Liu. 2015. "Following the Transient Reactions in Lithium-Sulfur Batteries Using In an In Situ Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Technique." Nano Letters 15(5):3309-3316.  doi:10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b00521
  • Xu S, ED Walter, Z Zhao, MY Hu, X Han, JZ Hu, and X Bao. 2015. "Dynamic Structural Changes of SiO2 Supported Pt-Ni Bimetallic Catalysts over Redox Treatments Revealed by NMR and EPR." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 119(36):21219-21226.  doi:10.1021/acs.jpcc.5b06344
  • Zhao Z, S Xu, MY Hu, X Bao, CHF Peden, and JZ Hu. 2015. "Investigation of Aluminum Site Changes of Dehydrated Zeolite H-Beta during a Rehydration Process by High Field Solid State NMR." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 119(3):1410-1417.  doi:10.1021/jp509982r


  • Chen X, X Li, D Mei, J Feng, MY Hu, JZ Hu, MH Engelhard, J Zheng, W Xu, J Xiao, J Liu, and J Zhang. 2014. "Reduction Mechanism of Fluoroethylene Carbonate for Stable Solid-Electrolyte Interphase Film on Silicon Anode." ChemSusChem 7(2):549-554.  doi:10.1002/cssc.201300770
  • Han KS, NN Rajput, X Wei, W Wang, JZ Hu, KA Persson, and KT Mueller. 2014. "Diffusional Motion of Redox Centers in Carbonate Electrolytes ." Journal of Chemical Physics 141(10):104509.  doi:10.1063/1.4894481
  • Lercher JA, AM Appel, T Autrey, RM Bullock, DM Camaioni, HM Cho, DA Dixon, Z Dohnalek, F Gao, VA Glezakou, MA Henderson, JZ Hu, E Iglesia, AJ Karkamkar, BD Kay, GA Kimmel, JC Linehan, J Liu, I Lyubinetsky, D Mei, CHF Peden, RJ Rousseau, GK Schenter, WJ Shaw, J Szanyi, H Wang, Y Wang, and RS Weber. 2014. "Multifunctional Catalysts to Synthesize and Utilize Energy Carriers." In Frontiers at the Interface between Homogeneous and Heterogeneous Catalysis, II, pp. 207-219.  U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Washington, DC. 
  • Liu TL, Y Shao, G Li, M Gu, JZ Hu, S Xu, Z Nie, X Chen, CM Wang, and J Liu. 2014. "A Facile Approach Using MgCl2 to Formulate High Performance Mg2+ Electrolytes for Rechargeable Mg Batteries." Journal of Materials Chemistry A 2(10):3430 - 3438.  doi:10.1039/c3ta14825d
  • Qafoku O, JZ Hu, NJ Hess, MY Hu, ES Ilton, J Feng, BW Arey, and AR Felmy. 2014. "Formation of Submicron Magnesite during Reaction of Natural Forsterite in H2O-Saturated Supercritical CO2." Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 134:197-209.  doi:10.1016/j.gca.2013.09.024
  • Qu Y, J Feng, S Deng, L Cao, Q Zhang, R Zhao, Z Zhang, Y Jiang, EM Zink, SE Baker, MS Lipton, L Pasa-Tolic, JZ Hu, and S Wu. 2014. "Structural Analysis of N- and O-glycans Using ZIC-HILIC/Dialysis Coupled to NMR Detection." Fungal Genetics and Biology : FG & B 72:207-215.  doi:10.1016/j.fgb.2014.08.001
  • Shao Y, NN Rajput, JZ Hu, MY Hu, TL Liu, Z Wei, M Gu, X Deng, S Xu, KS Han, J Wang, Z Nie, G Li, K Zavadil, J Xiao, CM Wang, WA Henderson, J Zhang, Y Wang, KT Mueller, KA Persson, and J Liu. 2014. "Nanocomposite polymer electrolyte for rechargeable magnesium batteries." Nano Energy 2015(12):750-759.  doi:10.1016/j.nanoen.2014.12.028
  • Vijayakumar M, B Schwenzer, V Shutthanandan, JZ Hu, J Liu, and IA Aksay. 2014. "Elucidating graphene - Ionic Liquid interfacial region: a combined experimental and computational study." Nano Energy 3:152-158.  doi:10.1016/j.nanoen.2012.09.014
  • Vjunov A, JL Fulton, T Huthwelker, S Pin, D Mei, GK Schenter, N Govind, DM Camaioni, JZ Hu, and JA Lercher. 2014. "Quantitatively Probing the Al Distribution in Zeolites." Journal of the American Chemical Society 136(23):8296-8306.  doi:10.1021/ja501361v
  • Vjunov A, MY Hu, J Feng, DM Camaioni, D Mei, JZ Hu, C Zhao, and JA Lercher. 2014. "Following Solid-Acid-Catalyzed Reactions by MAS NMR Spectroscopy in Liquid Phase -Zeolite-Catalyzed Conversion of Cyclohexanol in Water." Angewandte Chemie International Edition 53(2):479-482.  doi:10.1002/anie.201306673
  • Wang X, MY Hu, J Feng, M Liu, and JZ Hu. 2014. "1H NMR Metabolomics Study of Metastatic Melanoma in C57BL/6J Mouse Spleen." Metabolomics 10(6):1129-1144.  doi:10.1007/s11306-014-0652-z
  • Wang X, MY Hu, M Liu, and JZ Hu. 2014. "Metastatic Melanoma Induced Metabolic Changes in C57BL/6J Mouse Stomach Measured by 1H NMR Spectroscopy." Metabolomics 4(2):135.  doi:10.4172/2153-0769.1000135
  • Xiao J, P Meduri, H Chen, Z Wang, F Gao, JZ Hu, J Feng, MY Hu, S Dai, S Brown, JL Adcock, Z Deng, J Liu, GL Graff, IA Aksay, and J Zhang. 2014. "Energetics of Defects on Graphene through Fluorination." ChemSusChem 7(5):1295-1300.  doi:10.1002/cssc.201301066


  • Miller QRS, CJ Thompson, JS Loring, CF Windisch, Jr, ME Bowden, DW Hoyt, JZ Hu, BW Arey, KM Rosso, and HT Schaef. 2013. "Insights into Silicate Carbonation Processes in Water-Bearing Supercritical CO2 Fluids." International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 15:104-118.  doi:10.1016/j.ijggc.2013.02.005
  • Feng J, JZ Hu, SD Burton, and DW Hoyt. 2013. "High Resolution Magic Angle Spinning 1H-NMR Metabolic Profiling of Nanoliter Biological Tissues at High Magnetic Field ." Chinese Journal of Magnetic Resonance 30(1):1-11. 
  • Feng J, NG Isern, SD Burton, and JZ Hu. 2013. "Studies of Secondary Melanoma on C57BL/6J Mouse Liver Using 1H NMR Metabolomics." Metabolites 3:1011-1035.  doi:10.3390/metabo3041011
  • Liu J, J Zhang, Z Yang, JP Lemmon, CH Imhoff, GL Graff, L Li, JZ Hu, CM Wang, J Xiao, G Xia, VV Viswanathan, S Baskaran, VL Sprenkle, X Li, Y Shao, and B Schwenzer. 2013. "Materials Science and Materials Chemistry for Large Scale Electrochemical Energy Storage: From Transportation to Electrical Grid." Advanced Functional Materials 23(8):929-946.  doi:10.1002/adfm.201200690
  • Loring JS, HT Schaef, CJ Thompson, RVF Turcu, QR Miller, J Chen, JZ Hu, DW Hoyt, PF Martin, ES Ilton, AR Felmy, and KM Rosso. 2013. "Clay hydration/dehydration in dry to water-saturated supercritical CO2: Implications for caprock integrity." Energy Procedia 37:5443-54448.  doi:10.1016/j.egypro.2013.06.463
  • Turcu RVF, DW Hoyt, KM Rosso, JA Sears, Jr, JS Loring, AR Felmy, and JZ Hu. 2013. "Rotor Design for High Pressure Magic Angle Spinning Nuclear Magnetic Resonance." Journal of Magnetic Resonance 226:64-69.  doi:10.1016/j.jmr.2012.08.009
  • Vijayakumar M, and JZ Hu. 2013. "Exploring the interaction between lithium ion and defective graphene surface using dispersion corrected DFT studies." ECS Transactions 53(10):23-32.  doi:10.1149/05310.0023ecst
  • Vijayakumar M, W Wang, Z Nie, VL Sprenkle, and JZ Hu. 2013. "Elucidating the Higher Stability of Vanadium (V) Cations in Mixed Acid Based Redox Flow Battery Electrolytes." Journal of Power Sources 241:173-177.  doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2013.04.072


  • Felmy AR, O Qafoku, BW Arey, JZ Hu, MY Hu, HT Schaef, ES Ilton, NJ Hess, CI Pearce, J Feng, and KM Rosso. 2012. "Reaction of Water-Saturated Supercritical CO2 with Forsterite: Evidence for Magnesite Formation at Low Temperatures." Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 91:271-282.  doi:10.1016/j.gca.2012.05.026
  • Hu JZ, JA Sears, Jr, HS Mehta, JJ Ford, JH Kwak, K Zhu, Y Wang, J Liu, DW Hoyt, and CHF Peden. 2012. "A Large Sample Volume Magic Angle Spinning Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Probe for In-Situ Investigations with Constant Flow of Reactants." Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics. PCCP 14(7):2137-2143.  doi:10.1039/c1cp22692d
  • Hu MY, J Feng, DM Camaioni, RVF Turcu, CHF Peden, JA Lercher, and JZ Hu. 2012. "IN-SITU MAGIC ANGLE SPINNING NMR INVESTIGATIONS ON CATALYTIC CONVERSION OF BIOGENIC MOLECULES IN THE PRESENCE OF AQUEOUS WATER." In Proceedings of the 244th American Chemical Society National Meeting and Exposition, Division of Petroleum Chemistry, August 19-23, 2012, Philadelphia, PA, vol. 57, no. 2, pp. 215-217.  American Chemical Society, Washington DC. 
  • Kottman RM, AA Kulkarni, KA Smolnycki, E Lyda, T Dahanayake, R Salibi, S Honnons, C Jones, NG Isern, JZ Hu, SD Nathan, G Grant, RP Phipps, and PJ Sime. 2012. "Lactic Acid is Elevated in Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis and Induces Myofibroblast Differentiation Via pH-Dependent Activation of Transforming Growth Factor-ß." American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 186(8):740-751.  doi:10.1164/rccm.201201-0084OC
  • Loring JS, HT Schaef, RVF Turcu, CJ Thompson, QRS Miller, PF Martin, JZ Hu, DW Hoyt, O Qafoku, ES Ilton, AR Felmy, and KM Rosso. 2012. "In Situ Molecular Spectroscopic Evidence for CO2 Intercalation into Montmorillonite in Supercritical Carbon Dioxide." Langmuir 28(18):7125-7128.  doi:10.1021/la301136w
  • She X, JH Kwak, J Sun, JZ Hu, MY Hu, CM Wang, CHF Peden, and Y Wang. 2012. "Highly Dispersed and Active ReOx on Alumina-Modified SBA-15 Silica for 2-Butanol Dehydration." ACS Catalysis 2(6):1020-1026.  doi:10.1021/cs2006444
  • Vijayakumar M, B Schwenzer, S Kim, Z Yang, S Thevuthasan, J Liu, GL Graff, and JZ Hu. 2012. "Investigation of Local Environments in Nafion-SiO2 Composite Membranes used in Vanadium Redox Flow Batteries." Solid State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance 42:71-80.  doi:10.1016/j.ssnmr.2011.11.005
  • Vijayakumar M, L Li, Z Nie, Z Yang, and JZ Hu. 2012. "Structure and Stability of Hexa-Aqua V(III) Cations in Vanadium Redox Flow Battery Electrolytes." Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics. PCCP 14(29):10233-10242.  doi:10.1039/c2cp40707h
  • Xu W, JZ Hu, MH Engelhard, SA Towne, JS Hardy, J Xiao, J Feng, MY Hu, J Zhang, F Ding, ME Gross, and J Zhang. 2012. "The Stability of Organic Solvents and Carbon Electrode in Nonaqueous Li-O2 Batteries." Journal of Power Sources 215:240-247.  doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2012.05.021


  • Hu JZ, JH Kwak, Y Wang, MY Hu, RVF Turcu, and CHF Peden. 2011. "Characterizing Surface Acidic Sites in Mesoporous-Silica-Supported Tungsten Oxide Catalysts Using Solid State NMR and Quantum Chemistry Calculations." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 115(47):23354-23362.  doi:10.1021/jp203813f
  • Hu JZ. 2011. "Slow Magic Angle Sample Spinning: A Non- or Minimally Invasive Method for High- Resolution 1H Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) Metabolic Profiling ." Chapter 20 in Metabolic Profiling: Methods and Protocols. Methods in Molecular Biology, vol. 708, ed. TO Metz, pp. 335-364.  Humana Press, New York, NY. 
  • Hoyt DW, RVF Turcu, JA Sears, Jr, KM Rosso, SD Burton, AR Felmy, and JZ Hu. 2011. "High-pressure Magic Angle Spinning Nuclear Magnetic Resonance ." Journal of Magnetic Resonance 212(2):378-385.  doi:10.1016/j.jmr.2011.07.019
  • Hoyt DW, RVF Turcu, JA Sears, Jr, KM Rosso, SD Burton, JH Kwak, AR Felmy, and JZ Hu. 2011. "IN SITU MAGIC ANGLE SPINNING NMR FOR STUDYING GEOLOGICAL CO(2) SEQUESTRATION ." In 241st National Meeting and Exposition of the American Chemical Society, March 27-31, 2011, Anaheim, California, vol. 241, pp. 245-Fuel.  American Chemical Society, Washington DC. 
  • Kwak JH, JZ Hu, RVF Turcu, KM Rosso, ES Ilton, CM Wang, JA Sears, Jr, MH Engelhard, AR Felmy, and DW Hoyt. 2011. "The Role of H2O in the Carbonation of Forsterite in Supercritical CO2." International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 5(4):1081-1092.  doi:10.1016/j.ijggc.2011.05.013
  • Li L, S Kim, W Wang, M Vijayakumar, Z Nie, B Chen, J Zhang, G Xia, JZ Hu, GL Graff, J Liu, and Z Yang. 2011. "A Stable Vanadium Redox-Flow Battery with High Energy Density for Large-scale Energy Storage." Advanced Energy Materials 1(3):394-400. 
  • Vijayakumar M, BM Sivakumar, P Nachimuthu, B Schwenzer, S Kim, Z Yang, J Liu, GL Graff, S Thevuthasan, and JZ Hu. 2011. "Spectroscopic Investigations of the Fouling Process on Nafion Membranes in Vanadium Redox Flow Batteries." Journal of Membrane Science 366(1-2):325-334.  doi:10.1016/j.memsci.2010.10.018
  • Vijayakumar M, L Li, GL Graff, J Liu, H Zhang, Z Yang, and JZ Hu. 2011. "Towards Understanding the Poor Thermal Stability of V5+ Electrolyte Solution in Vanadium Redox Flow Batteries." Journal of Power Sources 196(7):3669-3672.  doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2010.11.126
  • Vijayakumar M, SN Kerisit, KM Rosso, SD Burton, JA Sears, Jr, Z Yang, GL Graff, J Liu, and JZ Hu. 2011. "Lithium Diffusion in Li4Ti5O12 at High Temperatures." Journal of Power Sources 196(4):2211-2220. 
  • White MD, BP McGrail, HT Schaef, JZ Hu, DW Hoyt, AR Felmy, KM Rosso, and SK Wurstner. 2011. "Multiphase Sequestration Geochemistry: Model for Mineral Carbonation." Energy Procedia 4:5009-5016.  doi:10.1016/j.egypro.2011.02.472
  • Xiao J, JZ Hu, D Wang, D Hu, W Xu, GL Graff, Z Nie, J Liu, and J Zhang. 2011. "Investigation of the Rechargeability of Li-O2 Batteries in Non-aqueous Electrolyte." Journal of Power Sources 196(13):5674-5678. 
  • Zhu K, J Sun, J Liu, LQ Wang, H Wan, JZ Hu, Y Wang, CHF Peden, and Z Nie. 2011. "Solvent Evaporation Assisted Preparation of Oriented Nanocrystalline Mesoporous MFI Zeolites." ACS Catalysis 1(7):682-690.  doi:10.1021/cs200085e


  • Hu JZ, JH Kwak, Z Yang, X Wan, and LD Shaw. 2010. "Detailed Investigation of Ion Exchange in Ball Milled LiH+MgB2 System using Ultra-High Field NMR Spectroscopy." Journal of Power Sources 195(11):3645-3648.  doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2009.12.033
  • Mei D, JH Kwak, JZ Hu, SJ Cho, J Szanyi, L Allard, and CHF Peden. 2010. "The Unique Role of Anchoring Penta-coordinated Al3+ Sites in the Sintering of ? Al2O3-supported Pt Catalysts ." The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters 1:2688-2691.  doi:10.1021/jz101073p
  • Kwak JH, JZ Hu, DW Hoyt, JA Sears, Jr, CM Wang, KM Rosso, and AR Felmy. 2010. "Metal Carbonation of Forsterite in Supercritical CO2 and H2O Using Solid State 29Si, 13C NMR Spectroscop." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 114(9):4126 - 4134.  doi:10.1021/jp1001308
  • Shaw LL, X Wan, JZ Hu, JH Kwak, and Z Yang. 2010. "Solid-State Hydriding Mechanism in the LiBH4 + MgH2 System." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 114(17):8089-8098.  doi:10.1021/jp1003837
  • Vijayakumar M, SD Burton, C Huang, L Li, Z Yang, GL Graff, J Liu, JZ Hu, and M Skyllas-Kazacos. 2010. "Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Studies on Vanadium(IV) Electrolyte Solutions for Vanadium Redox Flow Battery ." Journal of Power Sources 195(22 SP ISS):7709-7717. 


  • Hu JZ, JA Sears, Jr, JH Kwak, DW Hoyt, Y Wang, and CHF Peden. 2009. "An Isotropic Chemical Shift-Chemical Shift Anisotropic Correlation Experiment Using Discrete Magic Angle Turning." Journal of Magnetic Resonance 198(1):105-110. 
  • Hu JZ, JH Kwak, Y Wang, CHF Peden, H Zheng, D Ma, and X Bao. 2009. "Studies of the Active Sites for Methane Dehydroaromatization Using Ultrahigh-Field Solid-State Mo95 NMR Spectroscopy." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 113(7):2936-2942.  doi:10.1021/jp8107914
  • Hu JZ, JH Kwak, Z Yang, X Wan, and LD Shaw. 2009. "Direct Observation of Ion Exchange in Mechanically Activated LiH+MgB2 System Using Ultra-High Field Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy." Applied Physics Letters 94(14):Art No.: 141905.  doi:10.1063/1.3110966
  • Zhang Q, JZ Hu, DN Rommereim, MK Murphy, RP Phipps, DL Huso, and JF Dicello. 2009. "Application of High-Resolution H-1 MAS NMR Spectroscopy to the Analysis of Intact Bones from Mice Exposed to Gamma Radiation." Radiation Research 172(5):607-616.  doi:10.1667/RR1715.1
  • Zhu K, JZ Hu, X She, J Liu, Z Nie, Y Wang, CHF Peden, and JH Kwak. 2009. "Characterization of Dispersed Heteropoly Acid on Mesoporous Zeolite Using Solid-State P-31 NMR Spin-Lattice Relaxation." Journal of the American Chemical Society 131(28):9715-9721.  doi:10.1021/ja901317r
  • Baer DR, MH Engelhard, AR Felmy, JJ Ford, JZ Hu, AS Lea, P Nachimuthu, LV Saraf, JA Sears, Jr, and S Thevuthasan. 2009. "New Approaches for Characterizing Sensor and Other Modern Complex Materials." ECS Transactions 19(6):137-148.  doi:10.1149/1.3118546
  • Kwak JH, JZ Hu, D Mei, CWW Yi, DH Kim, CHF Peden, L Allard, and J Szanyi. 2009. "Coordinatively unsaturated Al3+ centers as binding sites for active catalyst phases on ?-Al2O3." Science 325(5948):1670-1673.  doi:10.1126/science.1176745
  • Osborn W, T Markmaitree, LD Shaw, JZ Hu, JH Kwak, and Z Yang. 2009. "Low Temperature Milling of the LiNH2 + LiH Hydrogen Storage System." International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 34(10):4331-4339.  doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2009.03.032
  • Osborn W, T Markmaitree, LD Shaw, R Ren, JZ Hu, JH Kwak, and Z Yang. 2009. "Solid-State Hydrogen Storage: Storage Capacity,Thermodynamics and Kinetics." JOM. The Journal of the Minerals, Metals and Materials Society 61(4):45-51. 
  • Vijayakumar M, SN Kerisit, CM Wang, Z Nie, KM Rosso, Z Yang, GL Graff, J Liu, and JZ Hu. 2009. "Effect of Chemical Lithium Intercalation into Rutile TiO2 Nanorods." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 113(32):14567-14574.  doi:10.1021/jp904148z
  • Vijayakumar M, SN Kerisit, Z Yang, GL Graff, J Liu, JA Sears, Jr, SD Burton, KM Rosso, and JZ Hu. 2009. "A Combined 6,7Li NMR and Molecular Dynamics Study of Li Diffusion in Li2TiO3." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 113(46):20108-20116.  doi:10.1021/jp9072125
  • Webb-Robertson BJM, LA McCue, N Beagley, JE McDermott, DS Wunschel, SM Varnum, JZ Hu, NG Isern, GW Buchko, K Mcateer, JG Pounds, SJ Skerret, D Liggitt, and CW Frevert. 2009. "A Bayesian Integration Model of High-Throughput Proteomics and Metabolomics Data for Improved Early Detection of Microbial Infections." In Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing, vol. 14, pp. 451-463.  World Scientific Publishing Co., Singapore, Singapore. 


  • Hu JZ, JH Kwak, Z Yang, osborn, T Markmaitree, and LD Shaw. 2008. "Probing the Reaction Pathway of Dehydrogenation of the LiNH2 + LiH Mixture Using In Situ 1H NMR Spectroscopy ." Journal of Power Sources 181(1):116-119. 
  • Hu JZ, JH Kwak, Z Yang, W Osborn, T Markmaitree, and LD Shaw. 2008. "Investigation of Mechanical Activation on Li-N-H Systems Using 6Li Magic Angle Spinning Nuclear Magnetic Resonance at Ultra-High Field ." Journal of Power Sources 182(1):278-283. 
  • Herrera JE, JH Kwak, JZ Hu, Y Wang, and CHF Peden. 2008. "Effects of novel supports on the physical and catalytic properties of tungstophosphoric acid for alcohol dehydration reactions." Topics in Catalysis 49(3-4):259-267.  doi:10.1007/s11244-008-9081-4
  • Hu JZ, DN Rommereim, KR Minard, A Woodstock, BJ Harrer, RA Wind, RP Phipps, and PJ Sime. 2008. "Metabolomics in Lung Inflammation: A High Resolution 1H NMR Study of Mice Exposed to Silica Dust ." Toxicology Mechanisms and Methods 18(5):385-398.  doi:10.1080/15376510701611032
  • Kwak JH, JZ Hu, AC Lukaski, DH Kim, J Szanyi, and CHF Peden. 2008. "The Role of PentaCoordinated Al3+ Ions in the High Temperature Phase Transformation of ?-Al2O3." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 112(25):9486-9492.  doi:10.1021/jp802631u
  • Zheng H, D Ma, X Bao, JZ Hu, JH Kwak, Y Wang, and CHF Peden. 2008. "Direct Observation of the Active Center for Methane Dehydroaromatization Using an Ultrahigh Field 95Mo NMR Spectroscopy." Journal of the American Chemical Society 130(12):3722-3723.  doi:10.1021/ja7110916


  • Dixon DA, Z Dohnalek, MS Gutowski, JZ Hu, E Iglesia, BD Kay, J Liu, CHF Peden, L Wang, Y Wang, JM White, OA Bondarchuk, JE Herrera, J Kim, JH Kwak, T Stuchinskaya, HJ Zhai, CN Chisolm, and J Macht. 2007. "Early Transition Metal Oxides as Catalysts: Crossing Scales from Clusters to Single Crystals to Functioning Materials." In Frontiers in Catalysis Science. Meeting of the Catalysis and Chemical Transformations Program Chemical Sciences, Geosciences and Biosciences Division, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, U.S. Department of Energy Rockville, MD May 23-26, 2004, pp. 389-392.  Department of Energy, Washington, DC. 
  • Kwak JH, JZ Hu, DH Kim, J Szanyi, and CHF Peden. 2007. "Penta-coordinated Al3+ ions as preferential nucleation sites for BaO on ?-Al2O3: an ultra-high magnetic field 27Al MAS NMR study." Journal of Catalysis 251(2):189-194.  doi:10.1016/j.jcat.2007.06.029
  • Lu C, JZ Hu, JH Kwak, ZG Yang, R Ren, T Markmaitree, and LD Shaw. 2007. "Study the Effects of Mechanical Activation on Li-N-H Systems With 1H and 6Li Solid-State NMR." Journal of Power Sources 170(2):419-424.  doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2007.02.080


  • Herrera JE, JH Kwak, JZ Hu, Y Wang, and CHF Peden. 2006. "Synthesis of Nanodispersed Oxides of Vanadium, Titanium, Molybdenum, and Tungsten on Mesoporous Silica using Atomic Layer Deposition." Topics in Catalysis 39(3-4):245-255.  doi:10.1007/s11244-006-0063-0
  • Herrera JE, JH Kwak, JZ Hu, Y Wang, CHF Peden, J Macht, and E Iglesia. 2006. "Synthesis, Characterization, and Catalytic Function of Novel Highly Dispersed Tungsten Oxide Catalysts on Mesoporous Silica ." Journal of Catalysis 239(1):200-211. 
  • Hu JZ, DN Rommereim, RA Wind, KR Minard, and JA Sears, Jr. 2006. "A Simple Approach for Obtaining High Resolution, High Sensitivity 1H NMR Metabolite Spectra of Biofluids with Limited Mass Supply." In Proceedings of the 2006 International Conference on Bioinformatics and Computational Biology (BIOCOMP '06), ed. HR Arabnia and H. Valafar, pp. 360-366.  CSREA Press, Las Vegas, NV. 
  • Hu JZ, RA Wind, and DN Rommereim. 2006. "H-1 Relaxation Times of Metabolites in Biological Samples Obtained with Nondestructive Ex-vivo Slow-MAS NMR ." Magnetic Resonance in Chemistry 44(3):269-275.  doi:10.1002/mrc.1764
  • Kwak JH, JE Herrera, JZ Hu, Y Wang, and CHF Peden. 2006. "A New Class of Highly Dispersed VOx Catalysts on Mesoporous Silica: Synthesis, Characterization, and Catalytic Activity in the Partial Oxidation of Ethanol." Applied Catalysis. A, General 300(2):109-119. 
  • Wind RA, JZ Hu, and PD Majors. 2006. "Localized in Vivo Isotropic-Anisotropic Correlation 1H NMR Spectroscopy Using Ultraslow Magic Angle Spinning." Magnetic Resonance in Medicine 55(1):41-49. 
  • Wind RA, and JZ Hu. 2006. "In vivo and ex vivo high-resolution 1H NMR in biological systems using low-speed magic angle spinning." Progress in Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy 49(3-4):207-259. 


  • Dhamne A, W Xu, BG Fookes, Y Fan, L Zhang, SD Burton, JZ Hu, JJ Ford, and L An. 2005. "Polymer-Ceramic Conversion of Liquid Polyaluminasilazanes for SiAlCN Ceramics." Journal of the American Ceramic Society 88(9):2415-2419. 
  • Dixon DA, Z Dohnalek, MS Gutowski, JZ Hu, E Iglesia, BD Kay, J Liu, CHF Peden, LS Wang, Y Wang, JM White, OA Bondarchuk, H Fan, JE Herrera Perea, X Huang, J Kim, JH Kwak, T Stuchinskaya, HJ Zhai, CN Chisolm, and J Macht. 2005. "Early Transition Metal Oxides as Catalysts: Crossing Scales from Clusters to Single Crystals to Functioning Materials." In Frontiers in Catalysis Science: Proceedings of the 12th DOE/BES Heterogeneous Catalysis & Surface Science Meeting, pp. 389-392.  Frontiers in Catalysis Science, Upton, NY. 
  • Hu JZ, JH Kwak, JE Herrera, Y Wang, and CHF Peden. 2005. "Line narrowing in H-1 MAS spectrum of mesoporous silica by removing adsorbed H2O using N-2 ." Solid State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance 27(3):200-205. 
  • Wind RA, JZ Hu, and PD Majors. 2005. "Slow-MAS NMR: A New Technology for In Vivo Metabolomic Studies." Drug Discovery Today. Technologies 2(3):291-294.  doi:10.1016/j.ddtec.2005.08.009
  • Wind RA, and JZ Hu. 2005. "Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy Applications: Proton NMR In Biological Objects Subjected To Magic Angle Spinning." Chapter 6 in Encyclopedia of Analytical Science, ed. Paul Worsfold, Alan Townshend, and Colin Poole, pp. 333-342.  Elsevier Academic Press, Amsterdam, Netherlands. 
  • Wind RA, HC Bertram, and JZ Hu. 2005. "SLOW-MAS NMR METHODS TO STUDY METABOLIC PROCESSES IN VIVO AND IN VITRO." In Magnetic Resonance in Food Science: The Multivariate Challenge, ed. P. S. Belton, S. B. Engelsen, Hans Jørgen Jakobsen, pp. 156-165.  Royal Society of Chemistry, New York, NY. 


  • Hu JZ, RA Wind, JS Mclean, YA Gorby, CT Resch, and JK Fredrickson. 2004. "High Resolution 1H NMR Spectroscopy of Metabolically Active Microorganisms Using Non-Destructive Magic Angle Spinning." Spectroscopy 19(12):98-103. 
  • Bertram HC, JZ Hu, DN Rommereim, RA Wind, and HJ Andersen. 2004. "Dynamic High-Resolution H-1 and P-31 NMR Spectroscopy and H-1 T-2 Measurements in Postmortem Rabbit Muscles Using Slow Magic Angle Spinning." Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 52(9):2681-2688. 


  • Hu JZ, and RA Wind. 2003. "Sensitivity-enhanced Phase Corrected Ultra-slow Magic Angle Turning Using Multiple-Echo Data Acquisition ." Journal of Magnetic Resonance 163(1):149-162. 
  • Wind RA, JZ Hu, and DN Rommereim. 2003. "High Resolution H-1 NMR Spectroscopy in a Live Mouse subjected to 1.5 Hz Magic Angle Spinning." Magnetic Resonance in Medicine 50(6):p. 1113-1119. 
  • Wind RA, and JZ Hu. 2003. "Magnetic susceptibility effects in nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy of biological objects." In Recent Research Developments in Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, vol. 1, part 1, ed. S.G. Pandalai, pp. 147-169.  Transworld Research Network, Trivandrum, India. 


  • Hu JZ, and RA Wind. 2002. "The evaluation of different MAS techniques at low spinning rates in aqueous samples and in the presence of magnetic susceptibility gradients." Journal of Magnetic Resonance 159(1):92-100. 
  • Hu JZ, DN Rommereim, and RA Wind. 2002. "High Resolution 1H NMR Spectroscopy in Rat Liver Using Magic Angle Turning at a 1 Hz Spinning Rate." Magnetic Resonance in Medicine 47(5):829-836. 
  • Barich DH, JZ Hu, RJ Pugmire, and DM Grant. 2002. "Carbon-13 Chemical-Shift Tensors in Polycyclic Aromatic Compounds: Fluoranthene and Decacyclene." Journal of Physical Chemistry A 106:6477-6482. 


  • Hu JZ, CM Taylor, RJ Pugmire, and DM Grant. 2001. "A Novel Dipolar Dephasing Method for the Slow Magic Angle Turning Experiment." Journal of Magnetic Resonance 152(1):7-13.  doi:10.1006/jmre.2001.2380
  • Wind RA, JZ Hu, and DN Rommereim. 2001. "High Resolution 1H NMR Spectroscopy in Organs and Tissues Using Slow Magic Angle Spinning." Magnetic Resonance in Medicine 46(2):213-218. 


  • Hu JZ, MS Solum, RA Wind, BL Nilsson, MA Peterson, RJ Pugmire, and DM Grant. 2000. "1H and 15N Dynamic Nuclear Polarization Studies of Carbazole." Journal of Physical Chemistry A 104:4413-4420. 
  • Wind RA, B Shi, JZ Hu, MS Solum, PD Ellis, DM Grant, RJ Pugmire, CM Taylor, and CR Yonker. 2000. "H-1 Dynamic Nuclear Polarization in Supercritical Ethylene at 1.4 T." Journal of Magnetic Resonance 143(1):233-239. 

Science at PNNL

Core Research Areas

User Facilities

Centers & Institutes

Research Highlights

View All Research Highlights & Staff Accomplishments

RSS Feed