November 10, 2022
Journal Article

Vibrational Levels of a Generalized Morse Potential


Generalized Morse Potential (GMP) is an extension of the Morse Potential (MP) with an additional exponential term and an additional parameter that compensate for MP’s erroneous behavior in the long range part of the interaction potential. Because of the additional term and parameter, the vibrational levels of the GMP cannot be solved analytically, unlike the case for the MP. We present several numerical approaches for solving the vibrational problem of the GMP based on Galerkin methods, namely the Laguerre Polynomial Method (LPM), the Symmetrized Laguerre Polynomial Method (SLPM) and the Polynomial Expansion method (PEM) and apply them to the vibrational levels of the homonuclear diatomic molecules B2, O2 and F2, for which high level theoretical Full CI potential energy surfaces and experimentally measured vibrational levels have been reported. Overall the LPM produces vibrational states for the GMP that are converged to within spectroscopic accuracy of 0.01 cm-1 in between 1 and 2 orders of magnitude faster and with much less basis functions / grid points than the Colbert-Miller Discrete Variable Representation (CM-DVR) method for the three homonuclear diatomic molecules examined in this study.

Published: November 10, 2022


Qadeer S., G.D. Santis, P. Stinis, and S.S. Xantheas. 2022. Vibrational Levels of a Generalized Morse Potential. The Journal of Chemical Physics 157, no. 14:Art. No. 144104. PNNL-SA-174299. doi:10.1063/5.0103433