AbstractOne major tool of Energy Management Systems for monitoring the status of the power grid is State Estimation. Since the results of state estimation are used within the energy management system, the security of the state estimation process is most important. The focus research in this area is on detecting False Data Injection attacks on measurements. While this is important, State Estimation also rely on database that are used to describe the relationship between measurements and systems' states. This paper presents a two-stage programming framework to detect and correct attacks in the parameters of the measurement model used by the state estimation process in the Energy Management System. In the first stage, an estimate of the line parameters ratios are obtained. In the second stage, the estimated ratios from stage I are used in a Bi-Level model for obtaining a final estimate of the measurements' model parameters. Hence, the presented framework does not only unify the detection and correction in a single optimization run, but also provide a monitoring scheme for the SE database that is typically considered static. In addition, in the two stages, linear programming framework is preserved. For validation, the IEEE 118 bus system is used for implementation. The results of this paper illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed model for detecting attacks in the database used in the state estimation process.
Published: October 21, 2022