May 1, 2024
Conference Paper

Towards constrained grid-forming control


Grid-forming converters are commonly envisioned to replace conventional synchronous generators as the cornerstone of future power systems. However, compared to synchronous generators, power converters and their power sources (e.g., renewable generation, energy storage) are subject to significant physical constraints (e.g., current limits, modulation limits). Grid-forming controls are commonly designed neglecting these constraints and subsequently augmented with limiters for a subset of constraints. In this work, we propose a systematic approach to constrained grid-forming control of two-level voltage source converters interfacing photovoltaics. We first formulate grid-forming control objectives and constraints of voltage source converters and photovoltaics in a one-step optimal grid-forming control problem. Next, we leverage primal-dual dynamics to obtain a dynamic feedback controller that approximates the solution of the one-step optimal grid-forming control problem. Finally, electromagnetic transient simulations are used to illustrate the results.

Published: May 1, 2024


Gross D., and X. Lyu. 2023. Towards constrained grid-forming control. In 59th Annual Allerton Conference on Communication, Control, and Computing (Allerton 2023), September 26-29, 2023, Monticello, IL, 1-6. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-191009. doi:10.1109/Allerton58177.2023.10313424