Time Evolution and Diurnal Variability of the Parametric Sensitivity of Turbine-Height Winds in the MYNN-EDMF Parameterization
The Mellor-Yamada-Nakanishi-Niino (MYNN) parameterization applied in the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model has been augmented to include the Eddy-Diffusion Mass-Flux (EDMF) approach to better represent transport by boundary-layer eddies. This change includes the addition of new parameters associated with convective updrafts and boundary-layer clouds. These additions lead to new parametric sensitivities in the hub-height wind speed compared to simulations using the standard MYNN parameterization that were explored previously. This work builds on efforts focused on WRF’s MYNN parameterization by examining the sensitivity of hub-height wind speed to parameters in the MYNN-EDMF parameterization as a function of simulation lead time. Summer and winter periods were selected from the second Wind Forecast Improvement Project (WFIP2). Five sets of simulations were completed for each season, with lead times ranging from 2 to 6 days. The results show that the sensitivity to the new parameters associated with the EDMF scheme is generally small compared to other parameters, with the largest impact in convective boundary layers. The spread in the perturbed parameter ensembles was found to grow quickly over the first 8 to 19 hours in the summer simulations and 17 to 24 hours in the winter simulations with little change after that, regardless of the simulation length. A strong diurnal cycle in the parameter sensitivity was also found associated with changes in the atmospheric stability, as well as an increase in the sensitivity to the entrainment parameter used in the EDMF parameterization that is associated with increasing fractional areas covered by plumes.