AbstractPhase transformations of seven different rare-earth fluorides (i.e., REF3) where RE = La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Tm, Yb, Lu at temperatures ranging from 400–1400°C in air were investigated with X-ray diffraction. All of the REF3 compounds first transformed to oxyfluorides and then to oxides, with the exception of CeF3, which transformed directly to an oxide. This study focuses on the phase transitions of REF3 to REOx by simple heat-treatment processes in air and shows plausibility to remove RE elements from fluoride salt streams from molten salt reactors through fluoride-to-oxyfluoride or fluoride-to-oxide conversion mechanisms, which will result in precipitation. This could be used to remove fission product poisons from molten salt reactor waste streams. A waste form option for the resulting REOx products is lanthanide aluminoborosilicate (LABS) glass. To demonstrate this NdF3 was converted to Nd2O3 and immobilized in a LABS glass.
Published: June 16, 2022