January 11, 2019
Journal Article

A robust process-structure model for predicting the joint interface structure in impact welding

Taeseon Lee
Varun Gupta
Yu Mao
Xin Sun
Anupam Vivek
Kyoo Choi
Glenn Daehn
The impact welding is gaining popularity in joining of dissimilar metals as any intermetallics areoften very thin or discontinous with little to no heat affected zone resulting from the process. This work focuses on a recently developed impact welding technique, known as the Vaporizing Foil Actuator Welding (VFAW), which uses the pressure created from the electrically driven rapid vaporization of a thin metallic conductor to drive the flyer. A typical characteristic of an impact-welded joint is the wavy weld interface which is attributed to the complex interfacial kinematics resulting from the high-speed oblique impact of the metal plates. A numerical simulation framework based on the finite element method (FEM) with Eulerian formalism is developed to model the high-speed impact between the metal plates. The model accounts for the thermomechanical interactions in the process and captures the complex interfacial deformations. A thorough validation of the model is achieved by comparing the wave characteristics obtained from numerical simulations with the experimental results from vaporizing foil actuator welding. The amplitude and wavelength of the interfacial waves and the resulting joint microstructure is shown to be strongly dependent on the process conditions and the specific material system, which is well captured by the model.

Revised: January 11, 2019 | Published: February 1, 2019

Gupta V., T. Lee, A. Vivek, K. Choi, Y. Mao, X. Sun, and G. Daehn. 2019. "A robust process-structure model for predicting the joint interface structure in impact welding." Journal of Materials Processing Technology 264. PNNL-SA-132656. doi:10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2018.08.047