September 24, 2022
Research Trends and Applications of PMUs
AbstractAs the Smart Grid initiative continues to advance, the number of intelligent devices monitoring the power grid continues to increase. PMUs are at the center of this initiative and as a result, each year more PMUs are deployed across the grid. Since their introduction a myriad of solutions based on PMU-technology have been suggested. The high sampling rates and synchronized measurements provided by PMUs are expected to drive significant advancements across multiple fields such as the protection, estimation, and control of the power grid. This work offers a review of contemporary research trends and applications of PMU technology. Most solutions presented in this work were published in the last five years, and techniques showing potential for significant impact are highlighted in greater detail. Being a relatively new technology, there are several issues that must be addressed before PMU-based solutions can be successfully implemented. This survey found that key areas where improvements are needed include the establishment of PMU observability, data processing algorithms, the handling of heterogeneous sampling rates, and the minimization of the investment in infrastructure for PMU communication. Solutions based on Bayesian estimation as well as those having a distributed architectures show great promise. The material presented in this document is tailored to both: new researchers entering this field, and experienced researchers wishing to become acquainted with emerging trends.
Published: September 24, 2022