Activated receptor tyrosine kinase receptors are rapidly internalized and eventually delivered to lysosomes. Although ligand-induced endocytosis was originally thought to be a mechanism of receptor inactivation, many studies suggest that receptors remain active within endosomes. This review discusses the role that internalized signaling complexes may play in different receptor tyrosine kinase systems including recent data on how ubiquitination may regulate this process. In general, it appears that some receptor systems have evolved to enhance endosomal signaling, as is the case for TrkA and NGF. In contrast, the insulin receptor system appears to limit the extent of endosomal signaling. The EGF receptor system is the intermediate example. In this case, some signals are specifically generated from the cell surface while others appear to be generated from within endosomes. This may act as a mechanism to produce ligand-specific signals. Thus, trafficking could play diverse roles in receptor signaling, depending on the specific cell and tissue type.
Revised: April 19, 2001 |
Published: January 15, 2001
Wiley H.S., and P.M. Burke. 2001.Regulation of Receptor Tyrosine Kinase Signaling by Endocytic Trafficking.Traffic 2, no. 1:12-18. PNWD-SA-5372.