June 23, 2022

Regional Oscillation Source Localization: Implementation in the ESAMS Tool


In recent years, utilities have made great strides in the use of high-speed wide-area measurements collected from within their footprints. However, it is increasingly clear that analyses at wider scales are needed. On January 11, 2019 an oscillation with significant amplitude observable across the Eastern Interconnection persisted for approximately 18 minutes. The generator responsible for the oscillation was only identified after it tripped itself offline. This event, along with several other similar events, demonstrated the need for increased coordination among utilities to effectively mitigate system-wide oscillations and avoid unnecessary or detrimental operator actions. In response to this need, the Eastern Interconnection Situational Awareness Monitoring System (ESAMS) was upgraded to allow the region where an oscillation is originating to be identified. This report documents the algorithms developed for this task and describes how they were integrated into the ESAMS tool. Results from simulation- and measurement-based tests demonstrate the reliability of the approaches.

Published: June 23, 2022


Follum J.D., T. Yin, and N.J. Betzsold. 2020. Regional Oscillation Source Localization: Implementation in the ESAMS Tool Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.