AbstractThe separation and characterization of two irradiated uranium targets, a depleted uranium (DU) and a highly enriched uranium (HEU) target, was conducted in April of 2021. The two targets were assembled at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) and irradiated using the critical assembly at the National Criticality Experiments Research Center (NCERC). Splits of the dissolved targets were received by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) after which the PNNL and LANL teams chemically separated the solutions using independent separation schemes and analyzed the separated fractions for short lived actinides and fission products. Chemical separations at PNNL were traced with stable or radioactive tracers to allow for the determination of chemical yields, analyzing using either inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectroscopy (ICP-OES), inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) or gamma emission analysis (GEA) depending on the nature of the tracer. Several other analytical techniques were used by PNNL including kinetic phosphorescence analysis (KPA) and thermal ionization mass spectrometry (TIMS) depending on the analyte’s need. Comparisons were made between current and historical PNNL and LANL, as well as literature values. Overall, there was agreement between the two laboratories for the bulk of analytes, with some notable exceptions such as 111Ag, and 141,143,144Ce. Included in these comparisons were the short-lived actinides 237U, 239Np, the fission products 89Sr, 91Y, 95/97Zr, 99Mo, 111Ag, 115/115mCd, 136/137Cs, 140Ba, 141/143/144Ce, 147Nd, 153Sm, 156Eu, and 161Tb, providing both total atoms as well as the R-values. The data presented in this report represents the sixth NCERC irradiation of HEU and DU (FY13, FY14, FY15, FY17, FY18, FY21), and their subsequent separation and analysis.
Published: September 27, 2023