AbstractDespite their diminutive size, islets of Langerhans play a large role in maintaining systemic energy balance in the body. New technologies have enabled us to go from studying the whole pancreas, to isolated whole islets, to partial islet sections, and now to islet substructures isolated from within the islet. Using a microfluidic nanodroplet-based proteomics platform coupled with laser capture microdissection (LCM), we present an in-depth investigation of protein profiles specific to regions within the islet. These regions studied include the vascular tissue containing interface boundary, micro-vascular tissue internal to the islet, isolated endocrine cells, islet sections with vasculature intact, and finally acinar tissue from around the islet. Unique protein signatures observed in the inner vasculature potentially indicate increased innervation and intra-islet neuron-like crosstalk compared to external vasculature. We also demonstrate the utility of these data for isolating localized structure-specific drug-target interactions using existing protein/drug binding databases.
Published: January 13, 2023