July 18, 2021
Conference Paper

Power Flow Solution Methods for Combined Transmission and Distribution Systems


High distributed PV penetration makes the distribution systems more active and increases their impact on the upstream transmission grid. To facilitate the studies on this area, this paper proposes a power flow (PF) model and formulation of combined transmission and distribution (T&D) power systems. The formulation is based on the physical coupling of transmission and distribution grids. The unbalanced nature of distribution feeders and voltage regulators are modeled so that the resulting PF balance equations in distribution systems are similar to those in the interconnected transmission system. The formulated nonlinear PF equations are solved using the proposed unified and sequential methods. Both methods are verified and compared with each other using several combined T&D power systems. A multi-period PF simulation is also included to demonstrate the capability of the proposed formulation and solution methods in capturing the influences of high distributed PV penetration on transmission level.

Published: July 18, 2021


Nguyen Q.H., S.N. Ananthan, and S. Santoso. 2019. "Power Flow Solution Methods for Combined Transmission and Distribution Systems." In IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting (PESGM 2019), August 4-8, 2019, Atlanta, GA, 1-5. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-146077. doi:10.1109/PESGM40551.2019.8973391