AbstractTraditional positive-sequence phasor models of droop-controlled, grid-forming inverters do not have the fault current limiting function. During a short-circuit fault the model generates unrealistic high fault current making the simulation results less practical. This paper develops a fault current limiting function for the positive-sequence phasor model of droop-controlled, grid-forming inverters, which can effectively limit the inverter output current at the predefined maximum during faults. A user-written model has been developed for the commercially-available software Siemens/PTI PSS/E. Fault studies on a modified IEEE 39-bus system with all grid-forming inverters verify the effectiveness of the developed fault current limiting function. The proposed model can be used to evaluate how the limited fault currents of droop-controlled, grid-forming inverters impact the bulk power system transient stability under fault conditions.
Published: September 21, 2022