March 22, 2023
Parameters, Properties, and Process: Conditional Neural Generation of Realistic SEM Imagery Towards ML-assisted Advanced Manufacturing
AbstractThe research and development cycle of advanced manufacturing processes traditionally requires a large investment of time and resources. Experiments can be expensive and are hence conducted on relatively small scales. This poses problems for typically data-hungry machine learning tools which could otherwise expedite the development cycle. We build upon prior work by applying conditional generative adversarial networks (GANs) to scanning electron microscope (SEM) imagery from an emerging advanced manufacturing process, shear assisted processing and extrusion (ShAPE). We generate realistic images conditioned on temper and either experimental parameters or material properties. In doing so, we are able to integrate machine learning into the development cycle, by allowing a user to immediately visualize the microstructure that would arise from particular process parameters or properties. This work forms a technical backbone for a fundamentally new approach for understand- ing manufacturing processes in the absence of first-principle models. By characterizing microstructure from a topological perspective we are able to evaluate our models' ability to capture the breadth and diversity of experimental scanning electron microscope (SEM) samples. Our method is successful in capturing the visual and general microstructural features arising from the considered process, with analysis highlighting directions to further improve the topological realism of our synthetic imagery.
Published: March 22, 2023