AbstractSingle-cell multiomics provides comprehensive insights into gene regulatory networks, cellular diversity, and temporal dynamics. While tools for co-profiling single-cell genomes, transcriptomes, and epigenomes are available, accessing proteomes in parallel is more challenging. We developed nanoSPLITS (nanodroplet SPlitting for Linked-multimodal Investigations of Trace Samples), an integrated platform that enables global profiling of the transcriptome and proteome from same single cells using RNA sequencing and mass spectrometry-based proteomics, respectively. nanoSPLITS can precisely quantify over 5000 genes, 2000 proteins, and 140 phosphopeptides per single cell and identify candidate cell markers from these modalities. By exploring Cdk1-mediated cell cycle arrest, we demonstrate how nanoSPLITS single-cell multiomics can provide comprehensive cellular characterization with insights into covarying protein/gene clusters, unique phosphorylation events, and mitotic pathways.
Published: September 9, 2023