September 10, 2021
Journal Article

Nanoindentation-Enhanced Tip-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy

Abstract

We combine nanoindentation, herein achieved using atomic force microscopy (AFM)-based pulsed-force lithography, with tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (TERS) and imaging. Our approach entails indentation and multimodal characterization of otherwise flat Au substrates, followed by chemical functionalization and TERS spectral imaging of the indented nanostructures. We find that the resulting structures, which vary in shape and size depending on the tip used to produce them, may sustain nano-confined and significantly enhanced local fields. We take advantage of the latter and illustrate TERS-based ultrasensitive detection/chemical fingerprinting as well as chemical reaction imaging – all using a single platform for nano-lithography, topographic imaging, hyperspectral dark field optical microscopy, and TERS.

Published: September 10, 2021

Citation

Wang C., B.T. O'Callahan, A.V. Krayev, and P.Z. El-Khoury. 2021. "Nanoindentation-Enhanced Tip-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy." The Journal of Chemical Physics 154, no. 24:241101. PNNL-SA-162396. doi:10.1063/5.0056541