September 21, 2022
Journal Article

Modeling Environment for Testing a Distributed Energy Resource Management System (DERMS) using GridAPPS-D Platform

Abstract

The electric power system is currently undergoing a major transition due to growing numbers of Distributed Energy Resources (DERs) and increased distribution automation. If optimally managed and operated, DERs could provide flexibility and highly valuable grid services such as restoration, peak shaving, voltage regulation, and frequency support to maintain grid reliability. Different applications and enterprises, such as distributed energy resources management systems (DERMS), are being developed for the coordinated and optimal operation of DERs. However, to attract sufficient DER participation and achieve the coordinated operation of DERs, systems and components must be interoperable and information exchange must be secure. Along this line, the Portland State University power engineering group is developing the Energy Grid of Things (EGoT) DERMS prototype. The proposed application requires the coordinated dispatch of large numbers of DERs and testing such a system presents challenge; it is not practical to test system prototypes using thousands of real DERs. Hence, the modeling environment (ME) is designed as a co-simulation environment application to model interactions between a DERMS and a mass of simulated DERs. The ME is expected to address the scalability issue inherent to hardware-in-the-loop DERMS simulation; many assets are needed to observe effects on the grid from deployment and dispatch of DERs. To enable the development and testing of such advanced applications for power distribution system planning and operations, the U.S Department of Energy developed GridAPPSDâ„¢, an open-source, standards-based platform at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. This paper introduces the proposed ME for testing a DERMS application. The architecture of the ME is presented, and the GridAPPS-D features for a such simulation environment are discussed. Additionally, the procedure for developing the ME within the GridAPPS-D platform and the use of different APIs for efficient and timely integration are discussed in detail.

Published: September 21, 2022

Citation

Poudel S., S.J. Keene, R.L. Kini, S. Hanif, R.B. Bass, and J.T. Kolln. 2022. Modeling Environment for Testing a Distributed Energy Resource Management System (DERMS) using GridAPPS-D Platform. IEEE Access 10. PNNL-SA-170436. doi:10.1109/ACCESS.2022.3192845

Research topics