AbstractThe spatial gradients in microstructure have been proven to be effective in optimizing the performance of components, and several techniques have been developed to achieve this microstructure. Nevertheless, the local microstructural modification methods inevitably result in the formation of gradient microstructure leading to a variation in the property. This work systematically investigates the effect of gradient microstructure formed during thick section friction stir weld Al5083 alloy on its mechanical properties. A novel macro-indentation technique, profilometer-based indentation plastometry (PIP), is utilized to capture the variation in the mechanical properties in the feedstock (rolled plate) and weld region. The feedstock exhibited a gradient microstructure owing to different stress states during rolling. Additionally, the stirring of the tool resulted in a complex material flow pattern producing a microstructure gradient in the weld region. The aspect ratio of the grains was identified as the primary factor causing variation in indentation response in the feedstock. In contrast, variation in the grain size in the weld region resulted in property variation. Overall, the stir zone has a lower yield strength (158 ± 4 MPa) than the base material (173 ± 3 MPa). In addition, microstructure heterogeneity in the stir zone resulted in lower elongation than the base material.
Published: September 14, 2023