January 13, 2023
Journal Article

Machine Learning Screening of Metal-ion Battery Electrode Materials


In this work we present deep neural network regression machine learning models (ML) for predicting the average voltage and the percentage change in volume of battery electrodes upon charging and discharging with metal ions. Our models exhibit good performance as measured by the average mean absolute error obtained from a 10-fold cross-validation as well as on independent test sets. We further assess the robustness our ML models by investigating their screening potential beyond the training database. We produce novel Na-ion electrodes by systematically replacing Li-ions in the original database by Na-ions, and then selecting a set of 22 electrodes that exhibit a good performance in energy density as well as small volume variations upon charging and discharging, as predicted by the machine learning model. The ML predictions for these new materials are then compared to quantum-mechanics based calculations. Our results reaffirm the significant role of machine learning techniques in the exploration of materials for battery applications.

Published: January 13, 2023


Moses I., R. Joshi, B. Ozdemir, N. Kumar, J. Eickholt, and V. Barone. 2021. Machine Learning Screening of Metal-ion Battery Electrode Materials. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 13, no. 45:53355–53362. PNNL-SA-160595. doi:10.1021/acsami.1c04627