AbstractMiscellaneous electric loads (MELs) research dates back over thirty years, with the earliest publications on MELs originating in the late 1980s. As the number and types of MELs grew over the subsequent decades, so did the body of minimum energy performance standards (MEPS) and regulations put in place to control what is now an ever-growing source of energy consumption in the residential and commercial sectors. In particular, these MEPS are designed to control off-mode, standby, and connected standby power consumption to prevent energy waste. Research on MELs focuses a great deal on analyzing the characteristics of MELs, approaches for measuring their consumption, and at a higher level what constitutes a MEL. Despite these advances, there has yet to be a comparison of different approaches across regulatory bodies of MELs – both between and within countries – to identify similarities, gaps, and opportunities for crafting common language and testing procedures. This study provides an international analysis of MELs-related voluntary and mandatory MEPS across 12 economies to address this gap. The analysis demonstrates that even while economies may participate in shared commitments to regulated MELs energy consumption, there remains no common language for framing MELs, nor is there a shared understanding of updating aging test procedures used globally for verifying MELs-related MEPS.
Published: January 13, 2023