AbstractDespite advances in proteomic technologies, clinical translation of plasma biomarkers remains low, partly due to a major bottleneck between the discovery of candidate biomarkers and downstream costly clinical validation studies. Due to a dearth of multiplexable assays, generally only a few candidate biomarkers are tested, and the validation success rate is accordingly low. Here, we demonstrate the capability of internal standard triggered-parallel reaction monitoring (IS-PRM) to prioritize candidate biomarkers for validation studies. A 5,176-plex assay coupling immunodepletion and fractionation with IS-PRM was developed and implemented in human plasma to quantify peptides representing 1,314 breast cancer biomarker candidates. Compared to prior approaches using data-dependent analysis, IS-PRM showed improved sensitivity (912 vs 295 proteins quantified) and precision (% CV 10% vs 27%) enabling rankordering of candidate biomarkers for validation studies. The assay greatly expands capabilities for quantification of large numbers of proteins and is well suited for prioritization of viable candidate biomarkers.
Published: September 21, 2022