September 21, 2022
The Importance of a Moving Boundary Approach for Modeling the SEI Layer Growth to Predict Capacity Fade
AbstractOne of the contributing factors to the aging of lithium-ion batteries is the growth of the solid-electrolyte interphase (SEI) layer. The growth of the SEI layer leads to the irreversible loss of lithium available for cycling and increases the resistance of the battery. Physics-based models in literature model the kinetically limited or solvent diffusion-limited growth. In such models, the interface resistance is a constant, and the contribution to the overpotential of the intercalation reaction from the SEI layer is considered to be ohmic. In this study, we propose a model that describes the growth of the SEI layer on the electrode surface as a moving interface. The transport of lithium ions and the solvent in the electrolyte are affected by this moving interface. The equations that govern the species transport and the potential drop across the SEI layer are derived from dilute solution theory and solved by transforming the coordinates of the moving boundary. The ion transport induces changes in the conductivity across the SEI layer, which affects the potential drop that arises due to its growth. The effects of this potential on capacity fade are studied over cycling the battery.
Published: September 21, 2022