February 24, 2023
Conference Paper

Implementational Aspects for the Characterization of Low-Inertia in Power Systems


The replacement of conventional generating units with non-conventional renewable energy resources impacts the stability of the power system. While the general goal of supplying demand could be achieved from both generation resources, inverter-based energy resources are different from traditional synchronous machines in the sense that they do not inherently provide inertia to the system. The latter obviously worsen the system ability to maintain the balance between supply and demand after certain contingencies such as generator outages. With high integration of renewable-based generation resources, there is a reduction in total system inertia, which could lead to systems with less time to react for frequency restoration in case of such unexpected unit failures. While conceptually it is true, there is a missing gap in the field of power system stability community in terms of test-bed power systems for characterizing low-inertia conditions. In this paper, a framework for low-inertia power systems is presented. The purpose of the test-bed is to establish an environment for testing and conducting research on power systems experiencing low-inertia issues. The frequency nadir, the rate of change of frequency, and the under-frequency load shedding scheme are used as a measure of the healthiness of power grids.

Published: February 24, 2023


Baquedano-Aguilar M.D., N. Aljohani, S. Meyn, and A. Bretas. 2023. Implementational Aspects for the Characterization of Low-Inertia in Power Systems. In North American Power Symposium (NAPS 2022), October 9-11, 2022, Salt Lake City, UT, 1-6. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-175486. doi:10.1109/NAPS56150.2022.10012132