The relationship between boreal summer intraseasonal oscillation (BSISO) and precipitation extremes over Indonesia is investigated using observational datasets from 30 years (1987 – 2016) of rain gauge measurements and the gridded Asian Precipitation–Highly Resolved Observational Data Integration Toward Evaluation of Water Resources (APHRODITE) from 1998 – 2015. The results indicate that the frequency of daily extreme precipitation events in Indonesia (defined as total precipitation above the 95th percentile) during extended boreal summer (May-August) is significantly modulated by BSISO, especially over the western and northern regions. Under the influences of BSISO1, the probability of the precipitation extremes over Sumatra and Borneo increases by 20 - 120% (relative to the seasonal probability) during phases 1 to 3, and approximately 50 – 80% over the eastern part of Borneo and Sulawesi during phase 4. Under the BSISO2, the probability of the extremes increases up to 40% over Sumatra during phases 1 to 2 and up to 140% over Borneo and Sulawesi during phases 2 - 3. The increase in the probability of extreme summer precipitation is associated with enhanced large-scale moisture flux convergence and upward moisture transport induced by active phases of BSISO. These results provide potential information for medium-to-extended-range prediction of summer precipitation extremes in Indonesia.
Published: September 12, 2023
Muhammad F.R., and S. Lubis. 2022.Impacts of the Boreal Summer Intraseasonal Oscillation on Precipitation Extremes in Indonesia.International Journal of Climatology 43, no. 2022:1576-1592.PNNL-SA-177965.doi:10.1002/joc.7934