Impact of nano iron and manganese metal-oxides on contaminant interaction and micronutrient uptake in agricultural systems – a review
Rising population growth and increase global food demand has made meeting the demands of food production and security a major challenge world-wide. Nanotechnology has become a remediation strategy of interest as a sustainable tool in agricultural systems, where it aims to increase efficiency in techniques such as food monitoring, pathogen control, water treatment, and targeted delivery of agrochemicals. In addition to these platforms, nanoparticles, such as nano metal-oxides, have been engineered to act as contaminant scavengers and could be applied to wide range of systems. Numerous studies have looked at scavenging ability of nano metal-oxides (NMOs) but few have looked at them in agricultural and food systems. In this review, we specifically address previous research that has used nano Fe and Mn oxides in agricultural systems, particularly world-wide crop production of four major staple foods – rice, wheat, maize, and soybean. Nano Fe and Mn oxides are strong candidates for immobilization of agricultural contaminants in soils and, because they are naturally ubiquitous, have the potential to be a cost-effective and sustainable technology compared to other remediation strategies.
Revised: February 25, 2020 |
Published: July 23, 2019
Gillispie E.C., S.E. Taylor, N. Qafoku, and M.F. Hochella. 2019.Impact of nano iron and manganese metal-oxides on contaminant interaction and micronutrient uptake in agricultural systems – a review.Environmental Chemistry 16, no. 6:377-390.PNNL-SA-141253.doi:10.1071/EN19063