AbstractThis report describes work performed to evaluate the impact of high grid-forming (GFM) inverter penetration on the inter-area oscillation mode characteristics of the Western Interconnection. Using simulations, this work analyzes how: a) replacing fossil-fuel-based synchronous generators by GFM inverters will impact properties of the North-South mode, and b) replacing the Colstrip power plant by grid-following (GFL) and GFM inverters will change the characteristics of the Montana mode. Results obtained indicate that high penetration of GFM inverters will significantly alter inter-area oscillation characteristics in interconnections. Low frequency oscillations in the 0.11 Hz range will be predominantly driven by remaining synchronous machines, and hence their relative distribution in the interconnection will impact mode characteristics and observability.
Published: October 24, 2023