AbstractThis work presents a hybrid data-driven and physics-based framework for high-impedance fault detection in power systems. An innovative method based on eigenvalue analysis is expanded and validated. Phasor Measurement Unit data is used to estimate eigenvalues corresponding to the powerlines being monitored. The projection and drift of these eigenvalues is then tracked and evaluated. Faults are detected as they drive eigenvalues outside of their normal zones. Eigenvectors are leveraged to support and validate the decisions made by the main algorithm. This technique holds several advantages over contemporary techniques in that it utilizes technology that is already deployed in the field, it offers a significant degree of generality, and so far it has displayed a very high-level of sensitivity without sacrificing accuracy. Validation takes place in the form of simulations in the IEEE 13 Node System considering a popular high-impedance non-linear fault model. Test results are encouraging indicating potential for real-life applications.
Published: March 30, 2023