August 3, 2023
Conference Paper

The Hanford Lead Canister Collaboration


The Hanford Site, Management of the Cesium and Strontium Capsules (MCSC) Project is preparing to place cesium and strontium material into dry storage using stainless steel canisters that are housed inside vertical concrete casks. Part of the site’s aging management program is to use a spare canister system as a leading indicator canister to provide advance warning for signs of chloride induced stress corrosion cracking (CISCC) or any other kind of canister degradation that might take place over the system’s 300-year design life. The Hanford Lead Canister (HLC) will use electric heaters to simulate the decay heat of cesium and strontium to ensure the HLC simulates the environment and conditions the capsule-loaded systems will experience. In addition to being part of the site’s aging management program, the HLC is being made available for research and development that advances the industry regarding canister mitigation and repair (M&R). The HLC system closely resembles current spent nuclear fuel (SNF) dry storage systems, making the HLC useful for demonstrating technologies or performing research that is relevant to SNF canisters . Several organizations are collaborating to prepare the HLC, along with technical strategy, to perform the needed research and development activities, to include the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Central Plateau Cleanup Company (CPCCo), and the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI). In one example of this collaborative research, EPRI is planning to use the HLC to demonstrate in-situ M&R technologies under controlled conditions before the HLC is deployed at Hanford. There is a period of several years when the HLC will be available for canister M&R activity before it is deployed. This paper describes the development of the HLC, its role in the Hanford site’s MCSC Project aging management program, and some of the research activities that are planned for the HLC.

Published: August 3, 2023


Klymyshyn N.A., G.R. Cannell, and J. Tatman. 2022. The Hanford Lead Canister Collaboration. In International High-Level Radioactive Waste Management Conference, November 13-17, 2022, Phoenix, AZ, 621-625. La Grange Park, Illinois:American Nuclear Society. PNNL-SA-176650.

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