AbstractSupervisory control strategies in heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems hold the potential for significant energy savings but they are difficult to set up and often depend on unreliable sensor measurements. In this paper, we propose a sensor-free approach to minimizing the energy penalties due to simultaneous heating and cooling in variable-air-volume (VAV) systems with reheat. A general-purpose real-time optimizer is described that is easy to set-up and integrate with existing control logic. A cost function is derived that quantifies the simultaneous heating and cooling penalty that does not require any sensor measurements. The optimizer then minimizes this cost function by automatically adjusting the supply temperature setpoint in the air-handling unit. The paper describes the approach and shows results from application from field trials on a 27-zone building.
Published: November 7, 2023