January 27, 2023
Formation Process of Particles and Cloud Condensation Nuclei Over the Amazon Rainforest: The Role of Local and Remote New-Particle Formation
AbstractUnderstanding the formation processes of particles and cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) in pristine environments is a major challenge in accurately assessing anthropogenic radiative forcing. Using a state-of-the-art model that systematically simulates the chemical processes controlling new-particle formation (NPF) and multi-scale chemical transport, we find that NPF contributes ~90% of the particle number and ~80% of the CCN at 0.5% supersaturation (CCN0.5%) in the pristine Amazon boundary layer during the wet season. The corresponding contributions are only ~30% and ~20% during the dry season because of prevalent biomass burning. In both seasons, about half of the NPF-induced particles and ~85% of the NPF-induced CCN0.5% in the boundary layer originate from the long-range transport of new particles formed hundreds to thousands of kilometers away. Moreover, about 50–65% of the NPF-induced particles and 35–50% of the NPF induced CCN0.5% originate from the downward transport of new particles formed in the free troposphere.
Published: January 27, 2023