AbstractThe rapid adoption of photovoltaic (PV) systems combined with falling prices of energy storage is paving the way for a future in which customers could locally supply their energy needs and export surplus power to the grid. However, reverse power flow from multiple sites in a network can cause overvoltage that decreases system reliability and the utilization level of PV system. In this paper, we present a two-stage approach to solve the energy coordination problem in distribution networks. In the first stage, a household with PV and energy storage is optimized to allow customers to adopt different control strategies such as load following and tariff arbitrage. We show that such customer-led control strategies can cause reverse power flows during peak PV generation periods, thus resulting in overvoltage. In such cases, the second stage of the proposed approach is called upon to solve a fairness-based energy coordination problem that can maintain voltages within limits while maximizing the PV generation while fairly distributing the actions among all the PV systems. As a result, each of the resources in the network has equal opportunity to export power and shares the responsibility of voltage regulation. Simulation studies have been carried out on the IEEE 13-bus test feeder to verify the effectiveness of the proposed approach.
Published: September 21, 2022