May 24, 2022
Facile Dual-Protection Layer and Advanced Electrolyte Enhancing Performances of Cobalt-Free/Nickel-Rich Cathodes in Lithium-Ion Batteries
AbstractDespite cobalt (Co)-free/nickel (Ni)-rich layered oxides being considered as one of the promising cathode materials due to their high specific capacity, their highly reactive surface is one of the shortcomings that still hinder their practical usages in high-energy-density batteries. Herein, a polyimide/polyvinylpyrrolidone (PI/PVP, denoted as PP) coating layer is demonstrated as dual-protection for LiNi0.96Mg0.02Ti0.02O2 (NMT) cathode material to suppress surface contamination against moisty air and to prevent unwanted side reactions between cathode and electrolyte during electrochemical cycling. The optimal PP-coated NMT (PP@NMT) preserves a clean surface without generation of lithium (Li) residues, structural degradation, and gas evolution after exposure to air with ~30% humidity for 2 weeks. Contrarily, the exposed bare NMT shows severe contamination, structural shrinkage due to Li loss, and increased gas release during charging. In addition, the exposed PP@NMT significantly enhances the electrochemical performance of graphite (Gr)||NMT cells by decreasing byproducts and maintaining structural stability. Moreover, the exposed PP@NMT achieves a high capacity retention of 86.7% after 500 cycles in Gr||NMT cells using an advanced localized high-concentration electrolyte. This work demonstrates a promising facile approach to the protection of Co-free/Ni-rich layered cathodes for their practical applications even after exposure to moisty air.
Published: May 24, 2022