February 16, 2023
Journal Article

Extremely Rapid, Lagrangian Modeling of 2D Flooding: A Rivulet-Based Approach


Estimates of potential flood inundation areas and depths are critical to informing the preparedness, response, and investment decisions of many government agencies and private sector organizations, especially under a changing climate. The standard modeling approaches, however, are often either computationally intensive or constrained in their accuracy or applicability. A novel, rivulet-based, 2D model of pluvial flooding is described in this article that is 10,000 to 10 million times less computationally complex than the full solution of the shallow water equations, yet achieves inundation area hit rates of between 0.8 and 0.9 and relative absolute mean errors of 10%-20% across a wide range of flow depths. This combination of accuracy and efficiency will enable real-time depth estimates during flood events, detailed sensitivity analyses, and the generation of large ensembles to support broad uncertainty analyses.

Published: February 16, 2023


Daniel W.B., C.G. Roth, X. Li, C.L. Rakowski, T.N. McPherson, and D.R. Judi. 2023. Extremely Rapid, Lagrangian Modeling of 2D Flooding: A Rivulet-Based Approach. Environmental Modeling & Software 161. PNNL-SA-173778. doi:10.1016/j.envsoft.2023.105630

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