August 18, 2023

Enrichment of H2 to CO2 ratio using formic acid as a hydrogen carrier - CRADA 581 (Abstract)


The collaboration between PNNL and OCOchem will investigate approaches to enhance the hydrogen (H2) content from a stream of H2 and carbon dioxide (CO2) gases produced in the catalytic decomposition of aqueous formic acid (FA85). OCOchem uses an electrochemical process to generate FA85 from captured CO2 using electricity from renewable resources. The FA85 is a liquid organic hydrogen carrier (LOHC) that provides the opportunity to transport and store hydrogen, in liquid form, at volumetric densities significantly greater than compressed H2 gas, i.e., 50 grams H2/liter FA. PNNL has developed and tested catalytic reactors to release H2 from LOHCs like FA and aqueous formate salts (FS). The H2 released from the LOHC can be oxidized in a proton-exchange membrane fuel cell (PEM-FC) to generate electricity with water as the only by-product. The purpose of the proposed project is to increase the purity of the hydrogen released from the LOHC to enhance the operation efficiency of the PEM FC. The PEM FC in combination with the LOHC provides an approach to demonstrate a portable generator that utilizes hydrogen as the energy carrier instead of conventional diesel generator. The ‘hydrogen generator’ can be used to supply emergency backup power and significantly reduce CO2 emissions relative to a diesel generator.

Published: August 18, 2023


Autrey S. 2023. Enrichment of H2 to CO2 ratio using formic acid as a hydrogen carrier - CRADA 581 (Abstract) Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.

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